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unit 7

Industrialization and Urban Planning

QuestionAnswer
Basic Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
Business services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses.
Central Bussiness District The area of the city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Central Place A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central Place theory A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services; larger settlements are fewer and far¬ther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of pe
City State A sovereign state comprising a city and its immedi¬ate hinterland..
Clustered rural settlement A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each otller and fields surround the settlement.
Consumer Services Businesses that provide sen;ces primarily to individual consumers, including retail sen-ices and personal servICes.
Dispersed rural settlement A rural settlement pattern char¬acterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic base A community's collection of basic industries.
Enclosure movement The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
Gravity model A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market area The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Nonbasic industries Industries that sell their products prima¬rily to consumers in the community.
Personal Services Manufacturing activities in which cost of transporting both raw materials and finished product is not important for determining the loca¬tion of the firm.
Consumer Services Services that provide for the well-being and personal improvement of individual consumers.
Primate City The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate city rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Producer services Services that primarily help people con¬duct business.
Range The maximum distance people are will¬ing to travel to use a service.
Rank size rule A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the 11th largest settlement is Un the population of the largest settlement.
Retail Services Services that promote goods for sale to consumers.
service An activity that fulfills a human Want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
Settlement A permanent collection of buildings and inhabitants.
Threshold beat out grain from stalks by trampling it.
Transportation and information services Services that dif¬fuse and distribute services.
Break of Bulk point A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another.
Bulk reducing industry An industry in which the final prod¬uct weighs less or comprises a lower volume than the inputs.
Cottage industry Manufacturing based in homes rather than in a factory, commonly found before the Industrial Revolution.
Fordist production Form of mass production in which each worker is assigned one specific task to perform repeatedly.
Industrial Revolution A series of imprmements in industrial technology that transformed the process of manufacturing goods
Labor intensive industry An industry for which labor costs comprise a high percentage of total expenses.
Maquiladora Factories built by u.s. companies in Mexico near the U.S. border, to take advantage of much lm,-er labor costs in 1\1exico.
New international division of labor Transfer of some types of jobs, especially those requiring low-paid less skilled workers, from more developed to less developed countries.
Post Fordist production Adoption by companies of flexible work rules, such as the allocation of workers to teams that per¬form a variety of tasks.
Right to work state A U.S. state that has passed a law pre¬venting a union and company from negotiating a contract that requires workers to join a union as a condition of employment.
Site factors Location factors related to the costs of factors of production inside the plant, such as land, labor, and capital.
Situation factors The location of a place relative to other places. Situation factors Location factors related to the transporta¬tion of materials into and from a factory.
Textile A fabric made by weaving, used in making clothing
Trading bloc a group of neighboring countries that promote trade with each other and erect barriers to limit trade ,\'ith other blocs
Created by: caarmen on 2009-02-18



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