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Vocab part dos

All but 1 - 37

Areito an Arawak socioreligious ritual with music and dance
Cabildo Town Council; in Cuba, an Afro-Cuban mutual-aid society
Santeria a Yoruba-derived Afro-cuban religion
Palo “stick”; a Congolese-derived Afro-cuban religion
Abakua a secretive urban Afro-Cuban brotherhood, derived from the Efik people of Calabar
Arara a Dahomeyan-derived Afro-Cuban sect
Polyrhythm A composite rhythmic structure combining two or more regular meters
Decima A Spanish-derived text form of ten-line stanzas, usually with the espinela rhyme scheme abbaaccddc
Marimbula In Cuba, a bass instrument consisting of plucked metal keys mounted on a wooden box
Tres “three”; a Cuban guitar-like instrument with three doubled courses, tuned D-G-B
Son the most popular Cuban music and dance genre of the twentieth century
Bembe cuba: a type of Santeria party, using eponymus drums and rhythms wherein possession may occur despite the prevailing festive air; the staved barrel drums used in the bembe partyNYC: term used loosely to describe any Santeria ceremony with music&dance
Bata a double-headed, hourglass
Conga a single-headed drum used un Cuban dance music; a song and dance genre, characteristically used in comparsa processions
Danzon a Cuban salon music genre popular from the late nineteenth to early twentieth centuries
Tumba tumba francesa ???
Quinto ‘fifth’; the higher-pitched conga in Cuban rumba
Bongo a pair of small, joined hand drums; an archaic Afro-Trinidadian social dance genre, traditionally performed at wakes
Cata a log played with sticks, especially in Santeria and tumba Francesca music
Cajon “box”; the wooden boxes sometimes used as drums in Cuban rumba columbia
Clave “key”; one of a pair of hard wooden sticks, struck together; the characteristic ostinato played on clave sticks; a nineteenth- and early twentieth-century urban genre of Cuba, in 6/8 meter, sung by strolling choruses
Palitos “little sticks”, such as are used to play rhythmic ostinatos on the side of a drum or a log in traditional rumba and other Afro-Cuban genres
Timbales in latin music, a pair of drums, usually mounted on a stand, with a cowbell
Tumba Francesa a Franco-Haitian-derived mutual-aid and social-recreation society of Eastern Cuba
Montuno the final and, usually, longest part of a rumba, son, or other Afro-Cuban-derived dance-music piece, employing call-and-response vocals over a rhythmic and harmonic ostinato
Guajeo in Cuban dance music, a melodic Ostinato
Rumba – an Afro an Afro-Cuban secular dance and music genre
Bolero a sentimental, danceable song in slow quadratic meter, popular throughout the Spanish Caribbean, with a characteristic bass pattern (when bass is present) of a half note followed by two quarter notes
cha, cha, cha A Cuban popular dance and music genre in medium tempo, which originated in the early 1950s
guaracha an up-tempo dance genre of Cuba and, subsequently, Puerto Rico, originally with a light, often satirical or bawdy text and verse-chorus form
guajira a female peasant of Cuba; a kind of folk and popular music associated with Cuban peasants
orquesta tipica in the latter half of the nineteenth century, a horn-dominated ensemble primarily playing danzon and contradanza, consisting of cornet, trombone, figle, bombardino, two clarinets, two or more violins, contrabass, timbales, and guiro
charanga a Cuban dance ensemble consisting of flute, two violins, piano, bass, and percussion
conjunto in Afro-Latin music, a standard dance ensemble consisting of a rhythm section, two to four horns, and vocals
Taino,Carib, Ciboney Indigenous people of the Antilles, (complete annihilation occurred within 100 years after Columbus’ Cuban landfall in 1492)
Changui form of Cuban music preceding son.Uses tres,marimbula,bongo,guayo&maracas. 3 forms of Changui.Most basic is Changui Tradicional: 5 distinct sections(call, collective execution, Changui canto, Inspiration,Farewell environment) no instrumental chords played
guiro a gourd scraper
guayo a metal scraper used in Changui
guaya a metal scraper used in merengue of Dominican Republic
collective participation indicates most members of a community being involved, one way or another, in music making
call and response antiphony
cellular structure Music that is “open ended”- based on repeating musical patterns; pattterns are repeated and “embellished” as performers choose - as opposed to a conventional “song” that is always performed in the same fixed way with unwavering lyrics, melody, etc.
rumba (guaguanco, columbia, yambu) idk...listen to music?
vacunao : In some forms of rumba (guaguanco) a movement that pantomimes the male’s seduction of his female partner. It originates from a Congolese fertility dance known as yuka.
Created by: khuber