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WGU IPC1 Music Section Vocabulary

Tone: A sound that has a definite frequency or is dominated by one definite frequency.
Rhythm: how music sounds are organized temporally or in time
Legato- Italian word meant tied together, means note to be sung smoothly when transitioning from note to note.
Modulation- the act of changing from one key to another.
Notation- system of writing music thru use of symbols.
Staccato- Italian word meaning detached, should be space between each note when sung, played. Notes are usually sung or played short and abrupt
Binary Form- A way of structuring a piece of music in two related sections, both are usually repeated.
Ternary Form- Way of structuring music in a three part structure usually noted A-B-A.
Rondo Form- Baroque period form, means return of original theme "motif" usual baroque pattern ABACADA.
Art Music- umbrella terms refers to musical traditions implying advanced structural and theatrical considerations and a written musical tradition.
Folk Music- transmitted orally or taught through performance and learned by hearing. Folk music thought to be close to life activities such as rituals, child rearing, and work.
Popular Music- accessible to the public and is circulated by mass media.
Aria- An expressive melody usually performed by one singer.
Cantata- Multi sectional vocals work, featuring solo, duet, choruses, accompanied by small chamber ensembles to large orchestra's. Product from the early Baroque period.
Concerto- a musical piece meant for a combination of voices and instruments, now generally a solo instrumentalist with orchestral accompaniment.
Etude- instrumental composition , considerably difficult, meant to perfect a certain skill.
Fantasia- instrumental work meant to seem spontaneous improvised by the performer.
Fugue- A polyphonic instrumental piece using the most rigorous of imitate techniques. Theme is stated in each part, and may be expanded and modified.
Intermezzo- is a composition that fits between other musical or dramatic entities. Ex in between acts of a play.
Madrigal- polyphonic vocal work usually written for four or five voices. Setting a pastoral poem to music, performed without instrumental accompaniment, and intended for secular uses.
Mass- The sung portion of a Roman Catholic liturgy.
Motet- polyphonic vocal work in sacred Latin text , intended for devotional use, no instrumental accompaniment.
Nocturne- instrumental piece usually for the piano meant to evoke emotions associated with the night.
Opera- a fully produced section for the theater who text is primarily sung, accompanies by instruments usually an orchestra.
Oratorio- Large musical composition including and orchestra, choir and soloists.
Overture- an orchestral work usually in 2-3 contrasting sections. Used as an intro to an opera or other dramatic pieces.
Rondo- multi-sectional work whose theme occurs over and over in a piece.
Sonata- multi-movement work either for one solo chordal instrument like a piano or for one or several solo melody instruments like the violin or cello.
Suite- multi-movement instrumental work for one or any combinations of instruments, or orchestra where movements are derived from certain dance forms. In the Baroque Era.
Symphony- musical composition usually for an orchestra, similar to the sonata.
Variations- often called theme and variations, employs the techniques of a musical idea, may be modified or elaborated on.
Tone: a sound with a definite frequency
Consonance- any two tones played together will sound pleasant or consonant
Dissonance- any two tones played together will sound unpleasant or dissonant
Rhythm- how music sounds are organized temporally or in time.
Beat- basic unit of rhythm,Measures or bars- groupings of 2-3 beats,Time measures= 2/4, 3/4, 4/4, 6/8, and 9/8 top number refers to the number of beats in each measure the lower number represents what kind of a note represents a single beat.
Tempo- refers to rate at which a beat occurs types of traditional tempos
Presto - quickly, hurriedly
Vivace - lively, briskly
Allegro - cheerful, frisky
Andante - walking purposefully
Adagio - slowly
Lento - slowly, sedately
Largo - broadly
Melody- a succession of a pitch or tone ,has a "narrative" quality with a beginning a middle, climax, and an ending. In western art music melody is derived from
Diatonic scale- refers to a portion of the chromatic scale known to most do ra mi fa sol la ti do
The first and last tones are in a special relation to each other, called an octave -
This tone (do) is also called the tonic.
The tonic, together with the fifth tone of the scale (sol), which is called the dominant
Motif- Perceivable recurring fragment or succession of notes that helps construct the melodies and themes.
Counterpoint- simplest form of harmony featuring two melodic lines occurring simultaneously
Harmony- is the composition and progression of chords. Harmony did not exist in the west till about the 9th century. Three tones sounded together make a chord.
Interval- relationship of pitches between two notes.
Cadence- progession to resting point that release tension.
Moving from one key to another in a single piece is called modulation.
Dynamics- loudness or softness of sound.
Piano - soft
Forte - loud, strong
Pianissimo - very soft
Fortissimo - very loud
Crescendo - get gradually louder
Decrescendo- get gradually softer
Contrast- composers use contrasting timbres, tempos, rhythm to make the piece more interesting.
Timbre- refers to the color or quality of musical sound produced.
Texture- has two meanings- first, considered a component of orchestration-how many instruments are playing. In a compositional form it describes the number of musical pieces(voices).
Monophonic refers to a piece with only one part
Several independent parts sounding at once are referred to as polyphonic or contrapuntal.
A piece that moves from chord to chord, without undue elaboration, or with a simple melody, is said to be homophonic or chordal in texture.
Created by: jston004