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Teaching Today's Health

Substances in food needed to support life functions. Nutrients
Minimum amount of energy required by the body to maintain essential body functions when at rest. Basal Metabolism
Amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 kilogram of water to 1 degree C. kilocalorie
Simple sugars or complex compounds. Carbohydrates
Nondigestable carbohydrates found in plants. Fiber
Essential nutrients; composed of amino acids. Proteins
Dietary strategy that ensures that each food supplies some amino acids that others lack. Complimentary Protein Ingestion
Organic compounds that do not readily dissolve in water; classified as triglycerides, phospholipids, steroids, etc. Lipids
Solid at room temperature. Fats
Liquid at room temperature. Oils
Has the maximum possible number of hydrogen atoms attached to every carbon atom. Saturated Fatty Acid
When 1 pair of hydrogen atoms is missing from a molecule. Monounsaturated Fatty Acid
More than 1 pair of hydrogen atoms is missing from a molecule. Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid
Recurring periods of binge eating followed by guilt feelings and purging. Bulemia
Loss of appetite. Person does not eat. Anorexia Nervosa
Not getting enough nutrients. Undernutrition
Basic dietary guidelines for the population as a whole; designed to maintain good health. Daily Values
Bind to free radicals to prevent them from causing damage. Antioxidants
Any atoms or groups of atoms that has an unpaired electron. Free Radical (Oxidant)
Energy-yielding reactions within cells. Oxidation Reactions
Dissolve in water; not stored by the body. B vitamins and C Water-Soluble Vitamins
Dissolve in fat. A, D, E, K Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Organic compounds required by every part of the body to maintain health and prevent disease; must be provided by diet. Vitamins
Other mineral elements required in lesser amounts. Include iron, zinc, selenium, magnesium, copper, iodine, etc. Trace Element
Required by the body. Include calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, sodium, chloride, and magnesium. Minerals
Produced when some of the missing hydrogen atoms are but back into polyunsaturated fats during food processing. Trans Fatty Acids
Made by the liver; used to build cell membranes and brain and nerve tissues. Cholesterol
Large molecules of fat and protein that transport cholesterol in the blood. Lipoproteins
Carried in low-density lipoproteins. Bad cholesterol. LDL Cholesterol
Carried in high-density lipoproteins. Good cholesterol. HDL Cholesterol
Created by: lstreets