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Plant ID

Horticulture 1

Acer palmatum (Japanese Maple) Height: 15-25’ ●Spread: equal spread ●Leaf: Opposite, Star, Palmate, Serrate-Lobed (5-9) ●Light-Dark Green, Reds & Purples ●Fruit: Samara ●Part Shade
Acer rubrum (Red Maple) Height: 40-60’ ●Spread: equal spread ●Leaf: Opposite, Star, Serrate-Lobed (3-5), Palmate ●Gray cast underneath leaf ●Flower: Red Cluster (Spring) ●Part shade-Sun
Betula nigra (River Birch) ●Height: 40-70’ ●Spread: 40-60’ ●Leaf: Alternate, Elliptical, Serrrate, Pinnate ●Fruit: Nut ●Bark exfoliates ●Part Shade ●Moist soils
Cercis canadensis (Eastern Red Bud or Judas Tree) ●Height: 20-30’ ●Spread: 25-35’ ●Leaf: Opposite, Cordate, Entire, Palmate ●Flower: Purple/Pink Cluster (Spring) ●Fruit: Pod ●Stems in zig-zag ●Shade-Sun
Cornus florida (Flowering Dogwood) ●Height: 20’ ●Spread: equal spread ●Leaf: Opposite, Ovate, Entire, Pinnate ●Flower: White/Pink Head (Spring) ●Fruit: Red Drupe ●Part shade
Lagerstroemia indica (Crape Myrtle) ●Height: 15-25’ ●Spread: 10-15’ ●Leaf: Opposite, Elliptical, Entire, Pinnate ●Flower: Panicle (Red, White, Pink, Purple) ●Fruit: Brown Capsule ●Sun
Liquidambar styraciflua (Sweetgum) ●Height: 60-75’ ●Spread: 40-50’ ●Leaf: Alternate, Star, Serrated/Lobed, Pinnate ●Fruit: Brown Synacarp (Can be a problem) ●Sun
Malus (Flowering Crabapple) ●Leaf: Alternate, Elliptical, Serrate, Pinnate ●Flower: Head (Pink or White) ●Fruit: Small Pome ●Sun
Prunus serrulata (‘Kwanzan’ Japanese Flowering Cherry) ●Leaf: Alternate, Elliptical, Serrated, Pinnate ●Flower: Pink or White ●Bark has horizontal lenticels ●Part shade - Sun
Pyrus calleryana (Bradford Pear) ●Leaf: Alternate, Ovate, Crenate, Pinnate ●Flower: White head (smells like dog pee) ●Fruit: Bitter pome ●Sun ●Very popular for its symmetrical form
Quercuspalustris (Pin Oak) ●Height: 60-70’ ●Spread: 35-40’ ●Leaf:Alternate, Pinnate, 5-9 lobes (sinuses like a “U”) ●Flower: Brown Catkin ●Fruit: Acorn ●Part shade – Sun ●Fast growing oak
Quercus phellos (Willow Oak) ●Height: 40-60’ ●Spread: 30-40’ ●Leaf: Linear, Entire, Alternate, Pinnate ●Flower: Brown Catkin ●Fruit: Acorn ●Part shade – Sun ●Best oak for overall texture and form
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese Barberry) ●Height & Width: 3-5’ ●Environment: Sun ●Spines (thorns) along stem ●Cultivars come in varying colors ●Extremely adaptable and withstands dry conditions
Euonymus alatus (Winged Euonymus) ●Height: 5-8’ ●Width: 3-5’ ●Environment: Sunshade ●Used a lot on highway median because it is very durable ●Leaves turn brillant red in fall ●Stems have wings
Forsythia x intermedia (Border Forsythia) ●Height: 8-10’ ●Width: 7-10’ ●Environment: Sun ●Flower: Yellow head shape (sign of spring coming) ●Occurs on old wood ●Stem is four sided and has noticeable lenticels
Norfolk Island Pine Aracauria heterophylla ● Height: 1-8’ ● Spread: 1-4’ ● Small tree with whorled branching ● Soft green needles ● Moisture: Let dry slightly ● Fertilizer: 2x/month (spring-summer) & 1x/month (fallwinter) ● Light: High
Sprengeri Fern Asparagus densiflorus ‘sprengeri’ ● Height: 18-24" ● Spread: 18-24" ● Lime green stems with needle-like leaves ● Moisture: Dry slightly ● All-purpose fertilizer during growing season ● Light: High ● Red Berries
Spider Plant Chlorophytum comosum ● Height:1-3' ● Spread: 1-33' ● Arching leaves that support plantlets; has a yellow or white stripe ● ½" White Flower ● Reduce wateringin winter, but moist spring summer
Dumbcane Dieffenbachia maculata ● Height: 6' ● Spread: 2' ● Elliptical thick, dark green-yellow leaves ● Moisture: Dry slightly ● Fertilize: 2x/month (spring-summer) ● Light: Medium ● Juices can temporarily paralyze vocal cords
Golden Pothos Epipremnum aureum ● Vine ● Cordate, leathery leaves; bright green and marbled in yellow or white ● Moisture: Evenly Light: High ● Fertilize lightly throughout growing season.
Poinsettia Euphorbia pulcherrima ● Height: 1-3' ● Spread: 1-3' ● Large red, pink, white or bicolor bracts with inconspicious flowers ● Native to Mexico ● Needs 14-18 hours of dark to change color (Short-day plant) ● Moisture: Evenly ● Light: high ● Prune to keep plants dense
Weeping Fig Ficus benjamina ● Height: 8' ● Tough, leathery, shiny leaves with wavy margins ● Fertilize monthly ● Light: High ● Will lose most of its leaves if moved but will recover
Rubber Plant Ficus elastica ‘Decora’ ● Height: 6' ● Leaves are thick, glossy, leathery and have a maroon midrib ● Light: low ● Milky substance inside leaf.
Prayer Plant Maranta leuconeura ‘Kerchoviana’ ● Height: 12-15" ● Satiny foliage with red veins or dark spots. ● Leaves curl at night ● Light: Medium
Boston Fern Nephrolepis exaltata ● Height: 2' ● Spread: 2' ● Fronds up to 3' long with upright and arching habit ● Light: High ● Outside-morning sun and afternoon shade
Parlor Ivy Philodendron scandens ● Vining ● Heart-shaped leaves, typically with purple or brown undersides ● Stipules turn brown and fall off ● Light: Low ● Vigorous climber
Swedish Ivy Plectranthus australis ● Vining ● Waxy, leathery leaves with scalloped edges ● Spikes of white flowers appear occasionally ● Light: High ● Good for hanging baskets
African Violet Saintpaulia ionantha ● Height: 2-10" ● Width: 2-24" ● Leaves in rosettes ● Flower cluster in shades of pink, white and purple ● Keep evenly moist ● Fertilize all year ● Light: Medium ● Take leaf cuttings
Dwarf Schefflera Schefflera arboricola ● Height: 10-12' ● Width: 1-4' ● 5-6 leaflets in a palmate arrangement ● Allow to get dry before watering again ● Light: Medium - High ● Stem cuttings or air layer
Peace Lily Spathiphyllum ● Height: 2-8' ● Large elliptical, shiny leaves (Basal) ● White spathe and spadix (low bloom in low light) ● Keep evenly moist ● Fertilze monthly
Wandering Jew Tradescantia zebrina ● Height: 8-16" ● Width: 10-36" ● Purple, silver and green stirped leaves ● Tiny, purple flowers ● Evenly moist ● Light: High ● Stem cuttings ● Good for hanging baskets
Leyland Cypress X Cupressocyparis leylandii ● Height: 100' ● Spread: Narrow pyramid ● Scale leaves that are flattened ● Full Sun ● Used as a ● Problems: Bag worms & shallowroots
Southern Magnolia Magnolia grandiflora ● Height: 60-80' ● Spread: 30-50' ● Alternate,Elliptical, Entire& Pinnate Leaves ● Glossy top and brown underneath ● Creamy white 10" wide flower
Mugo Pine Pinus mugo ● Height: up to 10' ● Spread: up to 15' ● 1-3" long needles, 2 per fasicle ● Sun-Part Shade ● Problems: Scale insects
Eastern White Pine Pinus strobus ● Height: 50-80' ● Spread: 20-40' ● 5 needles per fasicle that have a thin white line on the middle ● Leaves appear to have a bluish green hint ● Sun
Loblolly Pine Pinus taeda ● Height: 50-80' ● Spread: 30-35' ● Needle like leaves 12-18" (3 per fascile) ● Full Sun ● Acidic Soil ● One Central Leader
Glossy Abelia Abelia x grandiflora ● Height: 4-6' ● Spread: 3-5' ● 1-1.5" long glossy green leaves ● Pinkish-white tube shaped flowers (summer) ● Semi-shade
Common Boxwood Buxus sempervirens ● Height: 3-8' ● Spread: 3-4' ● Simple with white midrib on underside ● Part shade ● Used as a hedge along a building
Evergreen Euonymus Euonymus japonica ● Height: 5-10' ● Width: 5-8' ● Waxy, solid green and golden edged leaves (variegated will revert to solid-must prune off) ● Opposite, simple, obovate & serrated ● Stem-squarish ● Shade-Sun ● Problems: Leaf spot, euonymous scale aphids
Dwarf Burford Holly Ilex cornuta 'Dwarf Burford' ● Height: 5-6' ● Width: 4-6' ● Oblong leaves with 1-3 spines at top and slight recurve ● Sun-shade
Fosteri Holly Ilex x attenuata 'Fosteri ● Height: 20-30' ● Width: 7-10' ● 1-4 spines down the upper half of leaf ● Alternate, simple, ellipticovate,& glossy ● Cluster of berries in fall/winter ● Typical Pyramid shape
Helleri Holly Ilex crenata 'Helleri' ● Height: 4' ● Width: 5' ● Wedge-based leaves with crenate margins, flat & ½" long ● Mounding habit ● Sun-shade
Dwarf Yaupon Ilex vomitoria 'Nana' ● Height: 3-5' ● Width: 4-6' ● Green-reddish brown leaves ● Alternate, simple, ovate, & crenate ● Gray stems ● Sun-shade ● Drought tolerant
Shore Juniper Juniperus conferta ● Height: 1-2' ● Spread: 6-9' ● Awl shaped (1/2" long) and usually in 3's ● Stomata band with bluish-green underside ● Blue berry ● Sun-part shade ● Will grow on beach dunes or in clay
Ajuga •Height: up to 2” •Spread: 6-12” •Spatulate leaves •Purple, pink, white spike flower •Low ground cover that forms dense mat or mound •Part Shade
Florist Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum moriflorum •Height: 12-36" •Spread: 16-36" •Lobed, Elliptical leaves •Fall bloom (can be forced at anytime) •Sun •Short-day plant •Must be pruned 3x throughout the year to come back
Canna Canna x generallis •Height: 1-5’ •Spread: 15-18” •Flower as a spike in whites to shades of yellow, red, orange and pink •Leaves are rolled at stem then spread to elliptical shape with noticeable bronze or green veins and foliage
Shasta Daisy Chrysanthemum x superbum •Height: 12-36" •Spread: 16-36" •Serrated, Spatulate leaves •Flower: JuneAugust (yellow center) •Divide and replant every 2-3 years
English Ivy Hedera helix • •Height: Vine •Spread: 12" •Star-shaped leaves available in variegated form •Part shade-shade •Can be invasive
Day Lily Hemerocalis •Height: 1-4' •Spread: 18-24" •Flowers in all colors (bi-colored) •Narrow leaf with a crease down the center •Sun
Hosta Hosta sp. •Height: 6-36" •Spread: 12-24" •Flowers clusters in white to purple •Foliage is green, blue, or variegated with white or cream. •Spatulate shape leaf •Shade
Bearded Iris Iris x germanica var. florentine •Height: 8-36" •Spread: 10-18" •Spike flowers of yellow, orange, white, lilac, purple and bicolor-has a yellow beard in center •Leaves are sword shaped and flat
Liriope Liriope muscari •Height: 12-18" •Spread: 12-15" •Wider grass-like foliage greenvariegated •Flowers are white or shade or purple spikes •Sun-shade
Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus •Height: 6-10" •Spread: 12" •Foliage is thin grass-like typically dark green-black •Flowers and berries hidden in foliage •Sun-shade
Ageratum Ageratum mexicanum •Height: 4-12" •Spread: 6-9" •Cottony flowers in clusters •Cordate, bright green leaves •Part shade
Wax Begonia Begonia x semperflorens •Height: 6-12” •Spread: 6-8” •Waxy, rounded leaves with hairs at tips •Flowers in red, pink, white with yellow center •Planted in masses •Light: Shade
Coleus •Height: 1-3’ •Spread: 18-24” •Contrasting leaves with green, yellow, white, pink, red, orange and purple •Used to add color in shade gardens •Light: Part Shade
Impatiens •Height: 12-24" •Spread: 12-15" •Masses of 1" blooms in various colors cover bright green foliage •Excellent for shady beds and beneath trees as well as in containers •Pinch back for added flower production •Light: Shade
Geranium Pelargonium x hortorum •Height: 12-24” •Spread: 12” •Cordate, fuzzy leaves with umbel flowers •Red, White, Pink •May have zonalsshow when in the sun •Light: Sun-Part Shade
Ivy Leaf Geranium Pelargonium peltatum •Height: Vining • Clusters of flowers at end of stems with leathery scalooped leaves •White, red, peppermint, pink flowers in umbel •Deadhead •Sun-Part Shade
Petunia •Height: 6-18" •Spread: 12-14" •White, Red, Purple & Yellow tube shaped flower •Can get in trailing varieties •Sun-Part Shade
Salvia splendens •Height: 1-3’ •Spread: 12” •Ovate dark green leaves •Flowers on spikes in red, white, purple and bicolor •Sun
Marigold Tagetes erecta  •Height: 6-36” •Spread: 12-18” •Compound leaves •Yellow and orange flowers •Strong scentedgood to put in vegetable garden to repel pests •Needs deadheading •Sun
Pansy Viola x wittrockiana •Height: 6-10" •Spread: 6-8" •Ovate, crenate leaves •Head shaped flower in purple, white, red or yellow •Grows in late fall and winter •Sun-Part Shade
Created by: Selena Li