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WGU-Visual Arts 2

WGU-Visual elements, 2-D Art, 3-D Art

Line Continuous marking made by a moving point on a surface; basic building block of visual design
Form Comprises the shape of an object within the composition
Color Property of reflecting light of a particular wavelength
Hue Specific color with a measurable wavelength
Value Relationship of blacks to whites and grays (lighter or whiter a color, higher its value- darker a color, lower its value)
Intensity Comprises the degree of purity of a hue
Space A hollow volume available for occupation by shapes
Texture The surface "feel" of a materiel- may be illusory
Rhythm (Repetition) Ordered recurrence of elements in a composition
Harmony (Repetition) Components that appear to join naturally and comfortably
Variation (Repetition) Relationship of repeated items to each other
Symmetry Balancing of like forms, mass, & colors on opposite sides of vertical axis
Asymmetrical Results from careful placement of unlike items
Unity All elements of composition work together toward meaning
Focal Area Areas of greatest visual appeal
Primary Colors Red, blue, yellow
Secondary Colors Purple, orange, green
Tertiary Colors Red-purple, orange-red, yellow-orange, yellow-green, blue-green, blue purple
Complementary Colors Colors that lie opposite each other on the color wheel
Drawing Creation by hand of artistic images, forms, or shapes
Dry Media Chalk, charcoal, pastel, graphite
Liquid Media Pen & ink, wash & brush
Painting Creating work of art using paint
Painting Media Oil, acrylic, fresco, watercolor, tempera, gouache,
Printmaking Process of making artworks by transferring an inked image to another surface
Printmaking Media Intaglio, engraving, etching, drypoint, aquatint, planographic process, lithography, silkscreen, relief printing, woodcut, linoleum cut print, monotype
Axis line Imaginary line that helps determine the basic visual direction of a painting
Perspective Key device used by painters to create illusion of depth & distance
Linear Perspective Illusion of depth based on the fact that parallel lines or edges appear to converge & objects appear smaller as the distance between them & a viewer increases
Atmospheric Perspective Illusion of distance by reducing color saturation, value content, & detail in order to imply the natural haziness between the viewer & distance objects
One-Point Perspective All basic lines of a work converge toward a single vanishing point; used when one face of object is parallel to front of picture plane
Two-Point Perspective Two vanishing points; planes of the object are not parallel in relation to picture plane
Chiaroscuro Creates the illusion of depth through gradations of light & shade
Dynamic Stimulation of sensations by using certain conventional devices
Movement Refers to the way a painting controls the movement & pace of our vision
Trompe l'oeil (Fool the eye) is 2-D are that is so naturalistic that it appears to have depth & distance
Subtraction Sculptor carves or cuts away unwanted material to create the work
Addition Sculptor adds or combines material by hand (built sculpture)
Substitution Sculptor molds or casts an artwork
Manipulation Sculptor shapes the material by hand (molding clay or other materials)
Full Round Sculpture Sculpture employs three-dimensions & meant to be viewed from any & all angles; no background
Relief Sculpture Sculpture employing three-dimensions attached to a background & meant to be seen from one side
Sunken Relief Image is carved into the stone or material, creating in effect a negative
Low Relief Projects slightly from its background plane; depth dimension is very limited
Linear Sculpture Sculpture employing 2-D materials; use of lines
Earth-Rooted Where a structure's site, gravity, materials, & shape to convey a strong sense of earth connection
Sky-Rooted Skyscrapers & building that reach up out of the earth to bring our awareness to the sky, and away from the earth; buildings & structures that seemingly defy gravity
Earth-Resting Buildings that balance or harmonize the relationship between sky & earth
Earth-Dominating Certain palaces & buildings that seem to dominate or stand over the earth, dominating it with a sense of power, gravity, weight, and presence
Scale Size or apparent size of an object seen in relation to other objects, people, or its enviroment
Proportion Relative relationship of shapes or forms to one another
Arch Curved masonry structure capable of spanning a space while supporting significant weight
Dome Common structural element of architecture resembling the hollow upper half of a sphere
Cantilever Projecting beam or bracket stabilized by the weight of the wall from which it extends (balcony)
Spatial Relationship Distance between objects on stage; one body in relation to another, to group, or to the architecture
Space (Landscape Architecture) Basic medium of landscape design; can take form from arrangement of living walls
Intent (Landscape Architecture) Character refers to the intent of the designer to create a harmonious & unified landscape
Sequence (Landscape Architecture) Involves movement through space & movement from space to space
The Floor (Landscape Architecture) Contains the walks or roads that define movement, & linear qualities form backbone of spatial function
Tensile Strength Resistance of a material; measured as the maximum tension the material can withstand without tearing
Sensory Strength Space around a sculpture is sensory rather than empty; it is felt
Ephemeral Lasting for markedly brief time
Elements Of 3-D Art Line, form, color, space, & texture
Focal Point Center, or most important area to keep spectator interested
High-Relief Sculpture Forms stand out from the background
Three-Point Perspective Starts out like a two-point; two widely spaced vanishing points on a horizontal line with a vertical line added
Created by: lpedro