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Stack #198507

QuestionAnswer
Primary purpose for the Woodcock reading Mastery Exam (WRM) Achievement
Robert Breckenridge Father of public education in Kentucky. wrote anti-papism literature of exclusion of Catholic schools from public funding.
IDEA- Individuals with disabilities education act The student shall be given equal opportunity to participate in non-academic or extracurricular activites.
Psychoanalytic theory individual that are oftern unaware of many of the factores that determine their emothions and behaviors.
Lloyd P. Jorgenson The fundamental asumption of the common school movement the public school would be an agent of moral/social redemption that resulted from non sectarian religious instruction.
Bernard Bailyn the idea of public education was created by hisstorians who were educational missionaries
Ellwood P. Cubberley State control of education. wanted exper professional supervison of schools. suggested local districts submit to state administrators.
Booker T. Washington Advocated vacational education to help African Americans to gain skills that would enable them to get jobs.
Cherine Beecher "women as mothers, serve a great purpose in maintaining the health of american democracy.
John Joseph Hughes fought for catholic students rights to use their Bible in schools and for taxpayer dollars for Catholic schools.
Horace Mann leading figure in common school movement. Led the battle to create a state board of education. Tax supported schools
Macia's 4 identity statuses Foreclosure, identity diffusion, moratorium, identity achievement
Moratorium experimentation with occupational and ideological choices without difinite commitment
identity diffusion inability to develop a clear direction or sense of self. Adolescent has found neither an occupational direction nor an idealogical commitment.
Foreclosure An adolescents premature establishment of an identity based on parental choices, not on his or her own
Identity achievement status teen has mdade her own conscious, autonomous clear cut decisions about an occupation and ideology that reflects who she is and a deep commitment to these decisions
Erikson's stage 8-late adulthood Integrity vs. despair. acceptance of accomplishments, failures, and ultimate limitations brings with it a sense of integrity.
Erikson's stage 7- middle adulthood Generativity vs. self-absorption. Interest in establishing and guiding the next generation.
Erikson's stage 6- young adulthood Intimacy vs. Isolation. Sharing of your life with one another. Ready to form new relationships of trust and intimacy with another individual.
Erikson's stage 5- 12 yr. - 18yr. Identity vs. Role Confusion. Who am I? Increasingly turn away from parents and toward per groups. Rapidly changing physiology, coupled with pressure to make decisions about future education and career.
Erikson's stage 4- 6yr. - 12 yrs, Industry vs. Inferiority. Desire to make things. Success brings a sense of industry a good feeling about oneself and ones abilities. failure creates a neg. self image.
Erikson's stage 3- 3yrs. - 6 yrs. Initiative vs. Guilt. Vigorous exploration of their physical and social behavior. growing sense of initiative.
Erikson's stage 2- 18 mo. - 3 yrs. Autonomy vs. doubt. Strive towards the ability to do things for themselves. desire for power afnd independence. have the dual desire to hold on and to let go.
Erikson's stage 1- birth - 18 mo. Trust vs. mistrust. develop and essential trustfulness of others as well as a fundamental sense of ones own trustworthiness
Psychosocial crisis according to Erikson, the set of critical issues that individuals nust address as they pass through each of the eight life stages
Psychosocial theory A set of principles that releates social environment to psychological development
Social constructivism emphasizes the importance of culture and context in understanding what occurs in society and construction knowledge based on this understanding.
B runer's 4 themes of process of education 1. structure, 2. readiness, 3.intuition, 4. motivation
Piaget's theory vs vygotsky's theory Piagot believed development preceded learningVygotsky believed learning preceded development
Transitivity A skill learned during the concrete operational stage when children can mentally arrange and compare objects.
Seriation Arranging objects in sequential order according to one aspect, such as size, weight, volume.
Egocentric believing that everyone views the world the way exactly as you do.
Centration paying attention to only one aspect of an object or situation.
conservation the concept that certain properites of an object remain the same regardless of changes in other properties.
Formal operational stage ages 11-adulthood stage in which one can deal abstractly with hypothetical situations and can reason logically
concrete operational stage ages 7-11 stage where children develop the capacity for logical reasoning and understanding of conservation, but can use these skills only in dealing with familiar situations
preoperational stage ages 2-7 children learn to represent things in the mind. development of the ability to use symbols to represent objects in the world.
sensorimotor stage ages birth - age 2 infants learn about their surroundings by using their senses and motor skills
cognitive development gradual, orderly changes by which mental processes become more complex and sophisticated
What are the parents rights if they challenge the info in their child's records hearing performed by uninterested party, attorney, written decision summarzing evidence from hearing officer
Civil rights act of 1964 ended segregation in schools
corporal punishment in schools is prohited by law. True or false false. it is legal in 22 states
the law prohibits any form of prayer in schools. Trus of false False. It just can't be led by teachers or administration.
Teachers are held to the same moral standards as other citizens. True or false False
teachers are responsible for the safety of the students in their classroom. True or False True
teachers have the legal right to determine what is taught in their classroom True. with certain limitations
Dame Schools instruction for children provided by a female neighbor in her home.
Latin Grammer schools post-primary schooling for wealthy, white males preparing for the ministry
Massachusetts Act of 1647 towns with 50+ households to hire a teacher of reading/writing to create scripture literate citzens.
English grammar school Established in 1821 a free secondary school meant to meet the needs of boys not planning on attending college
deafness and hard of hearing hearing ability is of little use, even with the use of a hearing aid
Fetal alcohol syndrome alcohol-related damage/defect of the central nervous system of the fetus. brain damage can occur.
Down syndrome Chromosomal- 47 instead of 46. Mild to moderate retardation, heart defects, hearing loss, vision problems. Upper slant eyes, short stature, flat nose, short fingers, reduced muscle tone
Mental retardation refers to substantial limitations in present functioning manifests before the age of 18
Asperger's syndrome mild form of autism; may have concomitant learning disabilities and or poos motor skills
vision impairment degree of uncorrectable inability to see 1 out of every 1000 children are blind
speech disorder oral articulation problems, occur frequently among children in early elementary grades
language disorder impairment in student's ability to understand language, or to express ideas in one's native language
Autism developmental disability affecting social interactions. verbal/nonverbal communication, extremely withdrawn, engage in self-stimulating activites, resistant to changes in the environment or routine
Attention deficit disorder (ADHD) Difficulty in maintaining attention because of limited ability to concentrate accompained by impulsive actions; hyperactive
Emotional and behavior disorder (EBD) serious persistant age-inappropriate behaviors resulting in social conflict.inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships
Learning disability (LD) disorder in one or more basic psychological processes involved in understanding or using spoken or written language. Normal intelligence, discrepancy between intelligence and performance. delays in achievement; poor motor coordination
transitivity A skill learned during the concrete operational stage of cognitive development, where individuals can mentally arrange and compose objects
seriation arranging objects in sequential order according to one thing
object permanence the fact that an object exists even if it is out of sight
Reflexes inborn, automatic responses to stimuli
motivation the influence of needs and desires on the intensity and direction of behavior
constructivism view of congnitive development that emphasizes the active role of learners in building their own understanding of reality
equilibration the process of restoring balance between present understanding and new experiences
accommodation modifying existing schemes to fit new situations
assimilation understanding new experience in terms of existing schemes
adaptation the process of adjusting schemes in response to the environment by means of assimilation and accommadation.
schemes mental patterns that guide behavior
cognitive development gradual, orderly changes by which mentla processes become more complex and sophisticated
postmoderism contends that many societal institutions, including schools, are used by those in power to control those who lack power
progressivism emphasizes curriculum that focuses on real-world problem solving and individual development
essentialsim belief that a critical core of information exists that all people should possess.
perennialism belief that nature and human nature is constant
students who are learning oriented when student encounters obstacles, they keep trying and their motivation might increase
students who are performance oriented when they run into obstacles they become discouraged and give up
Piagets theory of cognitive development a childs intellect progresses through 4 distist stages
In proposition 187, what did Californians try to do? deny free education and healthcare services to aliens
what was the significance of Plyler v. Doe states have to educate illegal children
what are the 4 guidelines for children with aids to attend school? 1. no opern lesions. 2. can control body functions, 3. can control behavior,
exceptions to compulsory attendance married students, serving as pages in state legislature, age 14 with work permit, Amish children who have finished the 8th grade
what was the significance of Pierce v. society of sisters invalidated Oregon state law requiring children to attend public schools
Compulsory schools attendance laws generally apply to what ages. 6-16
how does the 10th amendment apply to schools? lets states develop curriculum departments of education, testing standards, funding, etc
how does the 8th amendment apply to schools? corporal punishment is allowed without prior hearing and without prior permission of parents
How does the 4th amendment apply to schools? allows metal detectors, searches of lockers, prohibits strip searches, for private property searches schools must have probable cause
How does the 1st amendment apply to schools? no one religion in schools, prohibits teachers or education administration from leading prayer or religious groups in schools
Heteronomous morality the stage at which children think that rules are unchangeable and that breaking them leads to automatic punishment
Autonomous morality the stage at which a person understands taht people make the rules and that punishments are not automatic
Kolberg's stages of moral reasoning Level 1 preconventional; stage 1 punishment and obedience, stage 2 instrumental relativist.Level 2- Conventional: stage 3 good boy -good girl, stage 4 law and orderLevel 3 Postconventional; stage 5 social contract, stage 6 universal ethical principles
expectancy theory a theory of motivation based on the belief that people's efforts to achieve depend on their expectations of reward
social learning theory learning theory that emphasizes not only reinforcement but also the effects of cues on thought and of thought on action
comprehensive high school a secondary school that attempts to meet the needs of all students by housing them together and providing curricular options
Created by: darshel on 2009-01-26



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