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Ecology The study of plants and animals with each other and their environments
Ecosystem All the living and nonliving things that exist and interact in a given area.
Food Web A series of overlapping food chains
Energy Pyramid A diagram to show the amount of energy in a food chain. There is more energy at the producer level.
Carnivore A consumer that eats other animals for food/energy
Herbivore A consumer that eats only plants for food/energy.
Biotic Living things
Abiotic Non-living things
Mimicry Some organisms adapt by looking like other organisms
Adaptation A skill or feature that an animal develops over time which helps it to survive in its environment.
Omnivore A consumer that eats both plants and animals.
Predator An animal that kills and eats other animals.
Prey An animal that is killed an eaten by a predator.
Producers Green plants that can make their own food through photosynthesis.
Consumer An animal that needs to eat plants/animals for food/energy.
Food Chain The path of energy from producer to each consumer.
Camouflage Some organisms blend in with their surroundings.
Evolution The gradual change in a species over time.
Natural selection Is the process by which individuals that are better adapted to their environment are more likely to survive and reproduce than other members of the same species.
Overproduction Organisms produce more offspring than the environment can support.
Variations Organisms of the same species are very similar, but they do have individual differences among traits.
Competition All the organisms struggle for food, water, and the other necessities of life. Only those organisms best suited to their surroundings survive and reproduce.
Extinction is when a certain species completely dies out due to environmental changes and the inability to adapt to those changes.
Created by: jhulshoff