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VMT Chapter One

all of Chapter One

Eponyms words formed from a person's name
Prefix word part found at the beginning
Root word part that gives the essential meaning
Combining vowel vowel, usually an O, that is added to the end of a root to make the word easier to pronounce
Combining form combination of the root and combining vowel
Suffix words part found at the end
Pre- means before
Peri- means around
Preoperative means before an operation
Perioperative means pertaining to the period around an operation, period before, during, and after
Postoperative means after an operation
Arthroscope is an instrument used to visually examine the joint
Gastritis is inflammation of the stomach
Ab- means away from
Abduction means to take away from the midline
Emetic pertaining to vomiting
Dys- difficult, painful, or bad
Dysphagia means difficulty eating or swallowing
Endo- means within or inside
Endorcrine means to secrete internally
Endoparasite is an organism that lives within the body of the host
Hyper- means elevated, higher, or more than normal
Hyperglycemia Means elevated amounts of blood glucose (blood sugar)
Inter- means between
Intercostal between the ribs
Poly- many
Polyuria excessive amount or frequency of urination
Pre- before
Preanesthetic pertaining to before anesthesia
Sub- below, under, or less
sublingual under the tongue
A- or AN- without or no
Atraumatic without injury
Anuria absence of urine
Ad- toward
Adduction move toward the midline
Anti- against
Antiemetics work against or prevent vomiting
Eu- good, easy, or normal
Euthyroid having a normally functioning thyroid gland
Ex- Or Exo- with out, out of, outside, or away from
Exocrine to secrete externally (Sweat)
Ecto- outside
Ectoparasite is an organism that live on the outer surface of the host
Hypo- depressed, lower, or less than normal
Hypoglycemia depressed amount of blood glucose (blood sugar)
Intra- within
Intramuscular within the muscle
Oligo- scant or little
Oliguria scant amount or frequency of urination
Post- after
Postanesthetic means pertaining to after anesthesia
Super- OR Supra above, beyond, or excessive
Supernumerary more than regular number
Suprascapular above the shoulder blade
Pan- all
Leuk/o white
-penia deficiency or reduction in number
Panleukopenia is a deficiency of all type of white blood cells
-tomy cut into or incision
Gastrotomy is incision into the stomach
gastr/o means stomach
Epi- upper
Infra- below or beneath
Meta- beyond
Per- throughout
Trans- across
Ultra- above, increased, or more than normal
-stomy a surgically created opening
Gastrostomy a surgically created opening between the stomach and the body surface
-ectomy surgical removal or excision
Gastrectomy is surgical removal of the stomach
-ectomy surgical removal
Mastectomy surgical removal of the breast or mammary glands
-pexy suture to stabilize
Gastropexy surgically stabilizing the stomach to the abdominal wall
-plasty surgical repair
rhinoplasty surgical repair of the nose (nose job)
colostomy a surgically created opening between the colon and body surface
Laparotomy an incision into the abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid or gas
cystocentesis surgical puncture of the urinary bladder with a needle to remove fluid (urine)
-gram record of
diogram electrocardiographic hard copy record
-graph instrument that records
electrocardiograph the machine that records the electrical activity of the heart
-graphy procedure that records
electrocardiograph the machine that records the electrical activity of the heart
-lysis separation or breakdown
urinalysis separation of the urine into its constituents
-scope instrument to visually examine
endoscope instrument used to visually examine inside the body
-scopy procedure to visually examine
endoscopy the procedure of visually examining inside the body
-therapy treatment
chemotherapy treatment with chemical substance or drugs
-rrhagia OR -rrhage bursting forth
hemorrhage bursting forth of blood from the vessels (bruises)
-rrhaphy to suture
enterorrhaphy suturing of the small intestine
-rrhea flow, discharge
diarrhea complete discharge of the bowels
-rrhexis rupture
myorrhexis rupture of the muscle
-algia OR -dynia pain
arthralgia OR arthrodynia joint pain
-ia state of condition
hyperglycemia condition of elevated amount of blood glucose
-ion action, process, state, or condition
infarction condition of blood flow obstruction (stoping blood flow)
-itis inflammation
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
-ive performs or tends toward
congestive tends towards accumulation of fluid
malacia abnormal softening
osteomalacia abnormal softening of bone
-megaly enlargement
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
-osis abnormal condition
cardiosis abnormal condition of the heart
-pathy disease
enteropathy disease of the small intestine
-sclerosis abnormal hardening
arteriosclerosis abnormal hardening of the arteries
-um structure
persicardium structure around the heart
-us thing
tarsus the joint "thing" between the tibia and fibula and metatarsal
cardiac heart
renal kidney
ovarian ovary
lumber lower back
laryngeal larynx
enteric intestine
uterine uterus
cutaneous skin
gastroenteritis inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
hysteri/o uterus
ovariohysterectomy surgical removal of the ovaries and uterus
hepatoma liver mass
hematoma mass or collection of blood
-oma mass
urethra takes urine from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
ureters collect urine from the kidney and transport it to the urinary bladder
ileum is the distal part of the small intestine
ilium is part of the pelvic bone
myel/o represents the spinal cord and bone marrow
Created by: mbely