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chapter 1 test science

Cell is the smallest unit of a living thing that can carry out the basic processes of life
Organelle are structures that work that work together to help perform
Cell membrane is a layer around the outside if the the cell
Cytoplasm is a gel-like substance that supports all of the organelles that carry out the different jobs
Nucleus is a large spherical structure found in the center of the cell
Mitochondria cells have many oval cacs called this
Vacuoles organelles that store water, food, and wastes
Cell wall is an additional layer around the outside of the cell made from a hard specialized sugar called Glucose
Chloroplasts it is green because of the chemical chlorophyll which turn energy from sunlight into food
Microscope an instrument that magnifies objects
Unicellular is a one-celled organism
Organism is an individual living thing
Multi-cellular is an organism made up of many different kinds of cells
Tissue is a group of similar cells that do the same job in an organism
Organ in plants and animals, tissues of different kinds come together to make this
Kingdom is the broadest group into organisms are classified
Invertebrates are animals without a backbone
Vascular means composed or containing vessals
Nonvascular means they do not contain vessal
Fungus is a unicellular or multi-cellular organisms that feed off decaying or dead organisms
Bacteria are tiny unicellular organisms with a cell membrane and cytoplasm
Protists are unicellular or multi-cellular organisms that either make their own food or other living things
Animals can be invertebrates True
Plants can be vascular and nonvascular True
Fungi absorb food from decaying organisms True
Bacteria are unicellular organisms True
Organ systems make up the organisms True
Plants and animals have many different organ systems to carry out life processes True
All living things are made of cells, which are the smallest unit of a living thing that can carry out the basic processes of life True
How do plants and animals obtain energy differently? Plants get energy from the sunlight; animals get energy from eating plants or other animals that eat plants.
Explain how the parts of an organism are organized from most simple to most complex? Organisms can be unicellular or multi-cellular. Simple cells make up tissues, which make up organs, which work together to do certain jobs as organ systems.