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general mining act of 1872 promotes development of the American west by allowing mining interests to take hard rock minerals from public lands without royalty payments and to purchase that land for no more than $5 per acre.
federal insecticide, fungicide, and rodenticide act (FIFRA) provides federal control of pesticide distribution sale and use. All pesticides used in the U.S. must be licensed by EPA.
wilderness act sets aside large areas of federally owned land and prevent them from being used in ways that would disturb their "pristine" condition
national environmental policy act (NEPA) environmental impact statements (EIS) must be done before any project affecting federal lands can be started.
clean air act set emission standards for cars and limits for release of air pollutants.
occupational safety and health act (OSHA) aims to provide safe and healthy working by enforcement of safety.
clean water act set maximum permissible amount of water pollutants that can be discharged into waterways; aims to make surface waters swimmable and fishable
marine mammal protection act (MMPA) prohibits "taking" of marine mammals in U.S. waters, "taking" by U.S. citizens on the high seas and importation of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the U.S.
convention on international trade and endangered species (CITES) lists species that cannot be commercially traded as live specimens or wildlife products
endangered species act identifies threatened and endangered species in the U.S and puts their protection ahead of economic considerations
safe drinking water act set maximum containment levels for pollutants in drinking water that may have adverse effects on human health
magnuson-stevens act management of marine fisheries
resource conservation and recovery act (RCRA) controls hazardous waste with cradle-to-grave system
toxic substance control act grants the EPA authority to require reporting, record keeping and testing requirements, and restrictions relating to chemical substances - especially asbestos, PCBs, lead-based paint
surface mining control and reclamation act requires cool strip mines to reclaim the land
comprehensive environmental response, compensation and liability act (CERCLA) "SUPERFUND" designed to identify and clean up abandoned hazardous waste dump sites
nuclear waste policy act U.S. government must develop a high level nuclear waste site
montreal protocol phase-out of ozone depleting substances (especially CFC)
ocean dumping ban act bans ocean dumping of sewage sludge and industrial waste in the ocean
Madrid protocol moratorium on mineral exploration for 50 years in Antartica
healthy forest initiative Thin overstocked stands of trees, clear away vegetation and trees to create shaded fuel breaks, provide funding & guidance to reduce or eliminate hazardous fuels in national forests, improve forest fire fighting, research methods to halt bad insects
Stockholm convetion on persistent organic pollutants seeks to protect human health from the 12 most 12 most toxic chemicals (includes) chlorinated hydrocarbon pesticides/DDT can be used for malaria control)
Kyoto protocol controlling global climate change by setting greenhouse gas emissions targets for developed countries
Created by: kim_dezwart