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Science Vocab. #8


A tiny, nonliving particle that invades and then reproduces inside living cell. Virus
The organism that a parasite or virus lives in or on Host
The organism that benifits by living on or in a host in a parasitism interaction Parasite
A virus the injects bacteria Bacteriophage
A substance used in a vaccination that consists of weakend or killed pathogentist that can trigger the immune system into action Vaccine
Single celled organisms that lack a nucleus: prokaryotes. Bacteria
A long, whiplike structure that helps a cell to move Flagellum
A form of asexual reproduction in which one cell divides to form two identites Binary Fission
A reproductive process that involves only one parent and produces offspring that are identical to the parent Asexual Reproduction
A reproductive process that involves two parents that combines their genetic material to produce a new organism, which differs from both parents Sexual Reproduction
The process in which a unicellular organism transfers some of its genetic material to another unicellular organism. Conjugation
a small, round, thick-walled, resting cell that forms inside a bacteria cell. Endospore
a process of heating food to a temperature that is high enough to kill most harmful bacteria wihtout changing the taste of the food. Pasteurization
an organism that breaks down chemicals from waste and dead organisms, and returns important materials to the soil and water. Decomposer
a eukaryotic organism that cannot be classified as a animal, plant, or fungus. Protist
an animal-like protist. Protozoan
a "false foot" or temperary buldge of cytoplasm used for feeding and movment in some protozones. Pseudopod
The cell structure that collects extra water from the cytoplasm and then expells it from the cell Contractile vacoule
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in a wavelike manner Cilia
a close relationship between two organisms of different species that benifits from one of the organisms Symbiosis
a close relationship between organisms of two species in which both organisms benifit Mutialism
plantlike protist Algae
a tiny cell that is able to grow into a new organism Spore
a eukaryotic organism that has cell walls, uses spores to reproduce, and is a heterotroph that feeds by asorbing it's food Fungi
The branching, threadlike tubes that make up the bodies of multicellular fungi Hypae
A reproductive structure of a fungis that contains many hypae and produces spores Fruiting Body
a form of asexual reproduction of yeast in which a new cell grows out of the body of a parent Budding
the combination of a fungus and either an allgae autorotrophic bacterium that live together in a mutualistic relationship Lichen
Created by: BSAKingEagle