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Infection control

CH. 5 Infection control and safe work practices

What type of agencies regulate the practice of barbering? Many different federal, state and local agencies regulate the practice of barbering.
Who must approve disinfectants used in the workplace? The EPA and each individual state must approve all disinfectants.
What is the FDA responsible for? The FDA is responsible for enforcing rules and regulations associated with food, drug, and cosmetic products purchased and used by the public.
What is OHSA's primary purpose? to assure, regulate, and enforce safe and healthful working conditions in the workplace.
What are the two important results of the Hazard Communication Rule? Material Safety Data Sheets, and required labeling
What is the purpose of MSDS? to provide vital information about product ingredients, associated hazards, combustion levels, and storage requirements.
What is the intent of the Right-to-Know Law? to inform employees of toxic substances in the workplace and to advise them of their rights.
What are two ways that infectious materials may be transmitted in the barbershop? through the transmission of infectious material from one individual to another or through the use of contaminated combs, clippers, razors, shears, or other barbering tools and implements.
How is the term decontamination defined? decontamination is the removal of pathogens and other substances from tools or surfaces.
What are the three levels of decontamination? Sterilization, Disinfection, Sanitation
What are two decontamination steps that are used in the barbershop? cleaning (sanitizing) and disinfecting
What are the chemical decontamination agents most used in a barbershop? commercial products, phenols, sodium hypochlorite, and quats
What is the difference between a solute, solvent, and solution? A solute is the substance that is dissolved; a solvent is the liquid in which the solute is dissolved; and a solution is the product that results from combining and dissolving a solute in a solvent.
Which two sanitizers are most commonly used in barbershops? the wet sanitizer and the ultra-violet ray cabinet sanitizer
What are the steps used to disinfect metal implements? 1. prepare disinfectant. 2. remove hair particles from implement. 3. immerse in alcohol. 4. wipe dry and lubricate as necessary. 5. store in clean closed container until needed for use.
antiseptics chemical agents that may kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria; not classified as disinfectants.
wet sanitizer any covered receptacle large enough to permit the immersion of tools ad implements into a disinfectant solution.
ultra-violet ray sanitizer metal cabinets with ultra-violet lamps or bulbs to store sanitized tools and implements.
sterilization the process of rendering an object germ free by destroying all living organisms on its surface.
standard precautions CDC guidelines and controls that require employers and employees to assume that all human blood and specific human body fluids are infectious for HIV, HBV and other bloodborne pathogens.
slovent the liquid in which a solute is dissolved.
solution the product created from combining and dissolving a solute in a solvent.
solute the substance that is dissolved in a solvent.
sanitation also referred to as cleaning; the lowest level of decontamination. significantly reduces the number of pathogens found on a surface.
safe work practices the maintenance of sanitation standards and the application of safety precautions in the workplace environment.
Right-to-Know Law requires employers to post notices where toxic substances are present in the workplace.
public sanitation the application of measures used to promote public health and prevent the spread of infectious disease.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) primary purpose is to assure, regulate, and enforce safe and healthful working conditions in the workplace.
Occupational Safety and Health Act an act led to the creation of OSHA
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) provides product information as compiled by the manufacturer.
Hospital-grade tuberculocidal disinfectant disinfectants that are effective against bacteria, fungi, viruses, tuberculosis, pseudomonas, HIV-1 and hepatitis B and are registered with the EPA
Hazard communication rule requires that chemical manufacturers and importers evaluate and identify possible health hazards associated wit their products.
Food and Drug association (FDA) enforces rules and regulations associated with food, drug, and cosmetic products purchased and used by the public.
exposure incident contact with non-intact skin; blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that may occur during the performance of an individual work duties.
EPA registered disinfectant a product that has been approved by the EPA as an effective disinfectant against certain disease producing organisms
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) develops and enforces the regulations of environmental law in an effort to protect human health and the environment.
efficacy the effectiveness of a disinfectant solution iin killing germs when used according to the label.
dry (cabinet) sanitizer an airtight cabinet containing an active fumigant used to store sanitized tools and implements.
disinfection the second highest level of decontamination; used on hard, non-porous materials.
disinfectants chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria and some viruses and to disinfect tools, implements and surfaces.
decontamination the removal of pathogens from tools equipment and surfaces.
clean (cleaning) to remove all visible dirt and debris from tools, implements and equipment by washing with soap and water.
blood-spill disinfection the procedures to follow when the barber or client sustains an injury that results in bleeding.
Created by: BSPittsburgh