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A2 Arousal

Key terms arousal

Arousal The energised state of readiness of the individual to perform a task, motivating him or her to direct his or her behaviour in a particular manner
Catastrophe Theory A theory suggesting an increase in arousal levels will have a positive effect on performance, and that over-arousal may cause deterioration in performance but the individual may recover his or her optimum levels of arousal
Autonomous phase of learning Stage reached by an athlete when he or she has learned a skill so that it becomes automatic, involving little or no conscious thought or attention when performing the skill
Dominant habit or response The typical behaviour pattern of an individual, either skilled or non-skilled, in the execution of a task
Drive Theory A theory suggesting a linear relationship between arousal and performance
Inverted-U Theory A theory proposing that as arousal levels increase so does the performance, but only up to an optimum point after which performance deteriorates
Zone of optimal functioning The unique level of arousal for each athlete, which allows the athlete to perform with maximum concentration and effort
Stress The perceived imbalance between the demands of the task and the individual’s ability To complete the task
Attentional wastage This occurs when the performer’s concentration is misdirected to cues that are irrelevant, causing a decrease in performance
Attentional narrowing This links arousal theories directly to the individual’s ability to focus on relevant cues
Created by: Tina Dean