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6 Health Ch 3-4 Test

adrenal glands emergency energy boosters
aerobic kind of exercise that increase the ability of the cardiovascular system to transport and process oxygen
alveoli tiny air sacs in your lungs
body where the systems perform their duties and are viewed as a whole
cartilage tough, solid tissue that forms the joints
cell membrane the portion which surrounds & protects the other portions of the cell
cells living units made up of three basic parts: the cell membrane, the cytoplasm, and the nucleus
chromosomes rightly coiled strands of chromatin which contain DNA
cytoplasm thick fluid inside a cell
diaphragm major breathing muscle in your body
flat bones bones that usually have the important job of protecting vital organs
gonads reproductive glands
hormones chemical messengers
insertion end of a muscle that is pulled toward the origin
islets of Langerhans groups of cells found in the pancreas; they are the sugar supervisors
long bones bones that support the weight of your body and work with your muscles to provide movement
metabolism the process which converts food to energy to help you work and play
muscle tone the muscle's ability to maintain a slight contraction, keeping the muscle firm
nucleus controls every function in the cell
organelles tiny organs that perform chemical reactions and functions in the cell
organs similar tissues that are grouped together
origin point at which a muscle is fixed to an immovable part of the body
pineal gland serves as an alarm clock to the body
pituitary gland a tiny structure (about the size of a pea) located at the base of the brain; secretes hormones that control other endocrine glands; the master gland
placenta functions as a kidney, lungs and intestines for the unborn baby
plaque fatty deposit that restricts blood flow in an artery
short bones bones that are usually nearly equal in length and width
systems groups of organs performing similar tasks
thymus gland gland that stores undeveloped white blood cells until they mature completely
thyroid gland located in the front of the neck; chemical reaction controller
tissues groups of similar cells
umbilical cord lifeline of oxygen and nutrients for the unborn child
womb where a baby lives until birth
Created by: Mrs_CC