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Digestive/ Excretory

Digestive/ Excretory System

What are the structures found on the wall of the small intestine which increase surface area for the blood to absorb nutrients called? Villi
What covers and protects the lining of the stomach from HCL? Mucus
What are the usable portions of food? Nutrients
Where does most chemical digestion occur? Small intestine
A cracker dissolves in your mouth. What kind of digestion is this? Chemical digestion
What absorbs water? Large intestine
What is the food tube that pushes food down by peristalsis? Esophagus
What grinds, mashes, tears, and rips food? Teeth
What covers the trachea so you don't choke? Epiglottis
What is the largest organ of the digestive system? Liver
What is the organ that breaks down food into chyme? Stomach
Where is the solid waste (feces) stored in? (located at the end of the large intestines) Rectum
What is the largest body organ? Skin
What stores bile before it is released into the small intestine? Gall bladder
What is the organ that produces insulin to control sugar in your blood and secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestines? Pancreas
What does the bladder store? Urine
Which organ of the excretory system rids the body of carbon dioxide? Lungs
What filters the blood and produces and urine? Kidneys
What filters the blood by removing excess amino acids, bacteria, and breaking down alcohol? Liver
What contains sweat glands, rids body of excess water, and regulates body temperature? Skin
What are tiny filters in the kidneys called? Nephrons
What is liquid waste made of urea and water called? Urine
What releases urine from the body? Urethra
Created by: 1962116900