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Kidney Vocab

Anatomy Vocab

Urinary System the paired ureters and the single urinary bladder and urethra
Kidneys small, dark red organs with a kidney-bean shape
Hydronephrosis When urine that can no longer pass through the ureters backs up and exerts pressure on the kidney tissue; can severely damage the kidney
Renal Artery the arterial supply of each kidney
Nephrons the structural and functional units of the kidneys and, as such, are responsible for forming urine
Renal Corpuscle consists of a glomerulus and a cup-shaped hollow structure that completely surrounds the glomerulus like a well-worn baseball glove encloses a ball
Renal Tubule makes up the rest of the nephron, is about 3 cm long, extends from the glomerular capsule
Collecting ducts receives urine from many nephrons, run downward through the medullary pyramids, giving the pyramids a striped appearance
Glomerular Filtration nonselective, passive process in which fluid passes from the blood into the glomerular capsule part of the renal tubule
Oliguria an abnormally low urinary output
Anuria failure of the kidneys to produce urine
Created by: lorettabritton