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week 8 microphones

Television Sound: The Basics, Microphones: Microphone design, Microphones II

The type of mic held by on-camera talent or used for on-location interviews hand held
Whether hung from a cord around the neck (lavaliere) or clipped to clothing, these are all referred to as... personal mic
Used for on-location production to pick up sounds a moderate distance from the camera shotgun
Mics that pick up sound by being in direct physical contact with the sound source. These mics are generally mounted on musical instruments. boundary effect microphone
The largest category of microphone. These include a number of application designs studio microphones
Considered the most rugged professional microphone. dynamic mic
This type of mic is a good dynamic mic choice for electronic news gathering (ENG) work, where a wide variety of difficult conditions are regularly encountered dynamic mic
When small size, optimum sensitivity, and the best quality are all prime considerations... condenser mic
Can be made so small that they are almost invisible condenser mic
With this mic, problems can result when they are used in adverse weather conditions. condenser mic
When this type of power supply is used, the mic cord ends up serving two functions: it delivers the signal from the mic to the mixer and it carries power phantom power supply
Can impart a deep, resonant "coloring" to sound, but are fragile and highly sensitive to moving air. ribbon mics
In microphones there are three basic directional categories: omnidirectional, bi-directional, and unidirectional
This mic is less sensitive to breath popping and close mouth-to-mic use, such as the reporter doing an ENG report. omnidirectional mics
when the mic is primarily responsive to sounds from two directions it is called... bi-directional
A general classification of mics that are sensitive to sounds coming primarily from one direction. unidirectional
With their hypercardioid or narrower angles of acceptance __________are one of the most widely used types of mics for on-location video work shotgun mics
They provide good pickup when used at a distance of 2 to 4 meters (7-13 feet) from the talent. shotgun mics
A type of mic that relies primarily on reflected sound from a hard surface such as a table top. boundary effect mics
Another name for non-directional omnidirectional
Necessary for some types of condenser mics phantom power supply
More directional than hypercardioid shotgun mic
Considered the most rugged professional microphone dynamic mic
Also called a figure-eight sensitivity pattern bi-directional
Mic commonly used at a distance in field work parabolic mic
An exaggeration and distortion of high-frequency "S" sounds sibilance
Pops from words with initial "Ps," and "Bs" plosive sounds
An exaggeration of low frequencies proximity effect
Most handheld mics are designed for use at a distance of... about 8 to 16 inches
_________are designed to reduce the pops from plosive sounds and are built into many handheld mics. Pop filters
____________can eliminate a major on-location sound problem: the effect of wind moving across the grille of typical microphones. windscreens
Personal mics that are either hung from a cord around the neck lavaliere or lav mic
Personal mics that are clipped to clothing a clip-on or lapel mic
Personal mics (lavaliere or clip-on mics)are designed to pick up sounds from how far away? about 14 inches
These three-pin connectors are used in professional audio applications. Cannon or XLR connectors
Connectors common to most home entertainment equipment. RCA connectors
Running mic cables parallel to power cords often creates hum and interference problems. The solution... moving a mic cable a meter away from any power cord.
Phase where various audio embellishments are added to a production sweetening
This is typically indicated by exaggerated low-frequency response proximity effect
Omnidirectional or simple cardioid-patterned microphones used at a distance of_________________or more quickly start picking up extraneous sounds. 5-6 feet
Whenever a room has smooth, unbroken walls or uncarpeted floors,_________________________or slight echos can be a problem. reverberation
Four solutions to reverberation: 1. Moving mics closer to subjects 2. using highly directional mics 3. adding sound absorbing materials to walls 4. placing objects within a scene that will absorb or break up sound reflections
Because of their highly directional characteristics shotgun mics can be used out of camera range at distances of up to... 25-30 feet
A pole with a mic attached to one end fishpole
A rubber cradle suspension device for microphones shock mount
A more sophisticated, studio quality fishpole boom
a fishpole mounted on a tripod giraffe boom
A boom that weighs several hundred pounds, takes two people to operate, and can extend the mic over the set from a distance of 100 meters (more than 30 feet). perambulator boom
Results in low-level and hollow-sounding audio and occurs when two or more mics pick up sound from the same audio source Phase cancellation
Four ways to reduce/eliminate phase cancellation 1. place mics close to sound sources 2. use directional mics 3. turn down mics when unneeded 4. carefully check and vary distances between the sound sources and multiple mics
Created by: twodele