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Chapter 15 Vocab.

nutrients the substances in food that provide the raw materials and energy the body needs to carry out all of its essential processes.
calorie the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius.
carbohydrate a major source of energy made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
glucose the major source of energy for your body's cells; simple sugar.
fats energy-containing nutrients that insulate and protect internal organs.
proteins needed for tissue growth and repair; contain nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
amino acids small units which are linked together chemically to form large protein molecules.
vitamins act as helper molecules in a variety of chemical reactions in the body.
minerals nutrients that are not made by living things.
Food Guide Pyramid classifies food into 6 groups.
Percent Daily Value shows how the nutritional content of one serving fits into the recommended diet for a person who consumes 2,000 calories per day.
Dietary Reference Intakes guidelines that show the amounts of nutrients that are needed every day.
Created by: S730503