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Vocab List #3

Cell Basic unit of structure and function in living things.
Microscope An instrument that makes small objects larger
Cell Theory A widely accepted explanation of the relationship between cells and living things.
Anton Van Leeuwenhoek Made the first simple microscope.
Robert Hooke Made first compound microscope.
Matthias Schleiden Concluded that all plants are made of cells.
Theodor Schwann Concluded that all animals are made of cells; all living things are made of cells.
Rudolph Virchow Proposed that new cells are formed only from cells that already exist.
Organelle A tiny cell structure that carries out a specific function within the cell.
Cell wall A rigid layer of nonliving material the surrounds the cells of plants and some other organisms; permeable membrane.
Cell membrane The outside cell boundary that controls which substances can enter or leave the cell; semipermeable membrane
Cytoplasm The material within a cell apart from the nucleus.
Mitochondria Rod-shaped cell structures that convert energy in food molecules to energy the cell can use to carry out its functions.
Endoplasmic Reticulum Carry proteins and other materials from one part of the cell to another.
Ribosome A small grain like structure in the cytoplasm of a cell where proteins are made.
Golgi body A structure in a cell that receives proteins and other newly formed materials from the endoplasmic reticulum, packages them, and distributed them to other parts of the cell.
Chloroplast A structure in the cells of plants and some other organisma that captures energy from sunlight and uses it to produce food.
Vacuole A sac inside a cell that acts as a storage area.
Lysosome A small, round cell structure containing chemicals that break down large food particles into smaller ones.
Nucleus The control center of a eukaryotic cell that directs the cell's activities and contains the information that determines the cell's form and function.
Nucleolus Makes ribosomes
Nuclear Membrane A selectively permeable membrane that allows specific materials to enter and leave the nucleus.
Chromatin Genetic material that contains the instructions for directing the cell's functions
Chlorophyll A green pigment found in the chloroplasts of plants, algae, and some bacteria.
Created by: Kiran Hiremath