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The Classical Period

Music Test

What did the Baroque Period end with? The death of JS Bach
What simpler style does France turn to? Style Gallant
__________ rivals ___________ Middle class, aristocracy
What style of opera is developed in Italy? Opera Buffa
Melody is _________ primary
Harmony is __________________ simpler
Tonality is ___________________ clearer
___________ created unique starting effects (____________ and ________________) Stamiz, cressendo, decressendo
What became popular to operas? Overtures and instrumental introductions
Sinfonia an orchestral piece used as an introduction, interlude, or postlude to an opera, oratorio, cantata, or suite that has an effect through Europe
The __________ sections of symphony are created 3
What instrument replaces the harpsichord as the primary keyboard instrument? the piano
What was special about the piano? It could not only play loud and soft but all gradation in between. (first called the piano forte)
What instruments dynamic range matches the effect of the symphony orchestra? the piano
During the Age of Enlightenment what did common man gain? new stature and practical common sense
What were man and nature believes to be part of? a rational scheme planned by God
What did music avoid and what did music embrace? It avoided extravagance and embraced simplicity
What was Josef Haydn's nickname and why? Papa Haydn because he was said to be father of the orchestra and string quartet
What family was he a musical servant to? He was a musical servant to the Esterhazy family, who attracted the most important people in Europe
Who was the greatest prodigy in music history? Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
At what age did Mozart tour Europe with his father? at age six
How old was Mozart when he created his first symphony? nine years old
When did Mozart write his first opera? at age eleven
How many forms did Mozart master and what were they? he mastered all forms-sonata,symphony, string quartet, mass, opera
How many works did Mozart have? 626
What day was Ludwig Van Beethoven born? December 16th, 1770
What year did Beethoven die? 1827
What was similar about Beethoven, his father, and grandfather? They were all musicans
What year did Beethoven begin learning music? At age four
How old was Beethoven when he stopped studying with his father? 9
Both ___________ and ____________ were impressed with Beethoven at a young age. Mozart, Haydn
What ability did Beethoven have? a remarkable ability to improvise
What age did Beethoven give his first public recital? 9
In __________ was Beethoven sent to study with ________. 1792, Haydn
What gave Beethoven entree into all the private musicals? His wealthy and noble friends
When did Beethoven become slightly deaf? About 1800 (age 30)
When did Beethoven go totally deaf? 1820 or at age 50
What did Beethoven do to the range of the piano? extended it
What did Beethoven use? a wide range of dynamics and extensive use of percussions
What was different about Beethovens development sections? they were longer
What strange technique did Beethoven use? dissonance
What was unconventional when Beethoven used it? orchestral instruments
What music did Beethoven write? 1 opera 1 oratorio 2 masses sonatas for the piano and violin 32 piano sonatas 5 piano concertos 9 symphonies?
Created by: gehassell