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notes on transcription + translation

polypeptide string of amino acids
proteins made up of amino acids; assembled on a ribosome
DNA replication DNA double helix unwinds, becomes single-stranded, new strand forms using A-T, C-G, used to prepare for cell division, whole genome copied or replicated
DNA double stranded, deoxyribose sugar, bases = C, G, A, T
RNA single stranded, ribose sugar, bases = C, G, A, U
transcription RNA forms base pairs with DNA
primary transcript length of RNA that results from the process of transcription
mRNA type of RNA that encodes information for the synthesis of proteins and carries it to a ribosome from the nucleus
RNA polymerase complex of enzymes with 2 functions, unwind DNA sequence and produce primary transcript by stringing together the chain of RNA nucleotides
exons coding regions
introns non-coding regions
translation second stage of protein production; mRNA on a ribosome; tRNA brings amino acids to the ribosome
tRNA transfer RNA; bound to 1 end anticodon on the other end complements mRNA codon
tRNA function amino acids must be in the correct order for the protein to function correctly; tRNA lines up amino acids using mRNA code
Created by: Tyl3r10959