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Chater 31

Absence or cessation of breathing Apnea
Abnormality or irregularity in the heart rhythm Arrhythmia
Thickening, decreased elasticity, and calcification of arterial walls Ateriosclerosis
Term used to describe a pulse that feels full because of increased power of cardiac contraction or as a result of increased blood volume Bounding
Slow heartbeat; Pulse below 60 BPM Bradycardia
Ear wax Cerumen
Slow respirations Bradypnea
Diminished lung capacity; Irreversible Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Rhythm pattern of activity or behavior that follows a day-night cycle Diurnal
Difficult or painful breathing Dyspnea
Elevated BP of unknown cause or apparent reason sometimes called primary hypertension Essential Hypertension
Elevated temperature Febrile
Body's function in balance Homeostasis
Increase in depth of breathing Hyperpnea
High BP Hypertension
Prolonged and deep breathing Hyperventilation
BP that is below normal Hypotension
Pulse that skips beats Intermittent Pulse
When an individual has to sit or stand to breathe comfortably Orthopnea
Temporary fall in BP when a person quickly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position Orthostatic (postural) Hypotension
Inflammation or infection or the external auditory canal (Swimmer's Ear) Otitis Externa
The area outside of or away from an organ or structure Peripheral
Condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; May indicate a peripheral vascular abnormality Pulse Deficit
Difference between systolic and diastolic BP Pulse pressure
Febrile or fever Pyrexia
Abnormal crackling breath sound during inspiration Rales
Abnormal rumbling sound on expiration Rhonchi
Elevated BP resulting from another condition (kidney disease) Secondary Hypertension
Irregular heartbeat that originates in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker) Sinus Arrhythmia
Instrument that measures the volume of air inhaled and exhaled Spirometer
Snoring sound Stertorous
Fainting Syncope
Rapid heart rate (over 100 BPM) Tachycardia
Rapid shallow respiration Tachypnea
Describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible Thread
High pitched sound on expiration Wheezing
Varies with age of the PT Pulse rate
Reflects the strength of the heart when it contracts Pulse Volume
Narrow the lumen of the blood vessels, which can increase BP Arterial Plaques
Increases the risk of arteriosclerosis, which increases BP Aging
Pt. can ____ if the BP drops suddenly due to quickly changing position Faint
____ is the top number Systolic
____ is the bottom number Diastolic
Caffeine is a _____, May cause temporary change in VS Stimulant
Trapped air in the cuff's bladder between readings may cause an ________ in the BP reading Artificial Increase
To convert pounds (lbs) to Kilograms (kg), multiply the number of lbs by ____, or divide by 2.2 0.45
To convert Kg to Lbs ____ the number of Kg by 2.2 Multiply
Pt. with diabetes must have their weight monitored so that the _______ of their treatment can be determined Effectiveness
Used only in pediatric Pt. Stethoscope Bell
You do not need gloves to take a _____ Temperature
Any item that comes into contact with a potentially infectious waste must be disposed of in a Bio-Hazardous Waste Container
____ temporarily increases VS Smoking cigarettes
____ rhythm affects VS Diurnal
Newborns tend to have ____ normal ranges for body temp Lower
In healthy Pt. the ______ the Pt. the faster the heart rate Younger
____ can have a healthy pulse rate under 60 BPM because of the increased strength of the Myocardium Athletes
The most accurate method of recording pulse is the ____ second apical pulse measurement 60
Exchange of gases at the cellular level Internal Respiration
Controlled in the brain's respiratory center Respiratory Homeostasis
The MA should try to observe the Pt's breathing without the persons knowledge because the breathing rate can be _____ voluntarily Altered
A _____ is a complete heartbeat Cardiac Cycle
Refers to the level of the thickness of the blood Viscosity
_____ causes an increase in the body temperature because of the energy being released Shivering
Temporal artery temperature and rectal methods provide the _________ reflection of core infant temperatures Most Accurate
Average adult pulse rate is ____ BPM 80
Artery should be placed at the same level or lower than the ____ to obtain the most accurate BP reading Heart
____ is a significant factor when weighing a Pt. Privacy
_____ pulses are heard through a stethoscope Apical
____ pulse is felt at the wrist Radial
_____ pulses are located at the side of the head at eye level Temporal
______ pulses are palpated behind the knees Popliteal
______ pulses are located on either side of the thyroid gland in the throat Carotid
____ pulses are palpated across the arch of the foot Pedal
The ____ pulse is found at the crevice of the elbow Brachial
Can occur with anxiety Tachycardia
Conditioned athletes have a ____ resting pulse Slower
_____ temperature is a safe and efficient method of taking the temperature of older children and adults Aural
____ is the difference in the systolic and diastolic reading Pulse Pressure
You should take BP over the ______ artery in the antecubital space Brachial
Measures BP Sphygmomanometer
_______ the apical pulse is the most accurate method of measuring the pulse of an infant Auscultating
One respiration happens every __ pulse beats 4
_______ temperature is a reliable method if the Pt. cannot hold their mouth open Tympanic
The bluish discoloration of the tissues due to lack of oxygen Cyanosis
_____ of hypertension include nose bleeds, headache, dizziness, and chest pain Complications
______ fever comes and goes fluctuating between normal and elevated Intermittent
____ is given for a fever Tylonal
Management of high BP is more aggressive in Pt. with diabetes and/or kidney disease to prevent further _____ Complications
Created by: meganhussey18