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7th Science Part 1

Effie Subardoe - Science Order and design- Chapter 6 - A Beka Book

Taxonomy The science of classification
John Ray A Puritan Clergyman who wrote "The Wisdom of God Manifested in the Works of Creation".
Carolus Linnaeus Devised a simple, practical method of classification; "Father of Taxonomy"
What are the who main categories of living things? Kingdom Plantae [plant kingdom] and Kingdom Animalia [animal kingdom]
Phyla The next division of division of plants and animals
Name in order the 7 divisions of plants and animals. Kingdoms, phyla, classes, orders, families, genera, and species
Scientific name Always consists of its genus and species name with the genus name listed first.
The primary basis for classifying living things is ____ ________. body structure
Tracheophytes Plants with vascular systems
Bryophytes [moss-like plants] Plants without vascular systems
Spores Tiny productive structures that will produce new plants
Fern Seedless; stems grow below or just along the ground
Fronds Fern leaves
Horsetail Has stems that carrs on photosynthesis instead of its tiny green leaves
Club moss "ground pines" Bears spores in club shaped, cone like structures
Mosses Can survive in any climate on earth
Rhizoids Hairlike threads that absorb water and nutrients
Liverworts Look like clusters of tiny leaves
Vertebrates Animals with backbones
Invertabrates Animals without backbones
Segmented worms [annelids] Belong to phylum Annelidabristles that aids the worm in locomotion; include earthworm and leaches
Setea bristes that aid the segmented worms in locomotion
Flatworm[platyhelminths] Have flattened boddies; include flukes tapeworm and planarians
Parasites Organisms that live in or on other organisms and obrain nutrients form them
Roundworms [nematodes] Have bodies that taper at bot ends; include hookworms
Mollusks Include clams oysters, snail, slugs, and octopuses
What are some specific characteristics of mollusks? 1. a "foot" for locomotion 2. visceral hump contains the internal organs (viscera) 3. a mantles- a spinelike organ that cover the visceral hump
Echinoderms All marine animals; Include starfish, sea urchins, and sand dollars
Coelenterates Jellyfish, sea amones and corals members of the phylum Coelenterata[hollow gut]
Tentacles extend form the coelenterates's body to capture its prey
Sponges Phylum Porifera: pore bearer
What is the only multicellular animal without a nervous system? A sponge.
Created by: nelsonclan