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Reading and Writing-Set 5

Phonological awareness s the consciousness of the sounds in words. It includes the ability to detect rhyme and separate the sounds in words. It is a broad term and includes the concept of phonemic awareness
phoneme the smallest unit of sound that distinguishes one word from another.
coarticulation the process of articulating a sound while atill articulating the previuos sound.
speech discrimination the ability to discriminate the sounds of language
metalinguistic awareness requires students to reflect on language on an abstract level, to treat language as an object of thought
what is the main approach to teaching reading in the U.S. Basal readers
basal programs includes a series of reader and supplemental materials that gradually increase in difficulty
basal-systematic approach students are taught to say individual sounds and blend them and apply all skills in selections that incorporate the elements that have been presented
basals are language based,include writing and spelling,have anthologies, workbooks, teachers manuals, suggestions, big books, games, teasts, websites to name a few
adaptations to basals emphasize real reading & writing,use workbooks carefully,emphasize wide variety of reading materials,focus on a few key skills,provide opportunities for struggling readers,gradually take control of your literacy program
difference between basal readers and literature anthologies is the focus on literature
disadvantages of basal readers boring to some students,they are only excerpts of whole stories,offer too much,canned,suggested organizational pattern,not designed for a specific class,not challenging enough for advanced readers
linguistic patterns are regularities in the spelling of the english language
guided reading students are grouped and instructed according to their level of development
individualized reading a system of teaching reading in which students select their own reading material, read at their own pace and are instructed through individual conferences
reading workshop is a form of individualized reading in which students choose their own books and have individual or group conferences but may meet in groups to discuss books or work on projects.
minilessons should be memorable and effective with a 5 part format
5 part format of a minilesson connection,teaching,active involvement,link,follow up
dialect a variant of a language that may differ somewhat in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary.
bad to do with a child learning to read correcting dialect,not writing exactly what they say
core literature helps boost self esteem of poor readers
whole language ncorporates a naturalistic, organic view of literacy learning.
oral language learned by being used for real purposes, not by completing artificial practice exercises
conceptual spelling 3 levels of understanding:alphabetic,pattern,meaning
determining spelling stage analyze samples of their writing or use the Elementary Spelling Inventory
dictation proccess of recounting an experience orally and having someone else write down the words
phonological awareness ability to detect rhyme and beginning sounds and to hear separate sounds in words and alphabetic principle
when iintroducing letters present at least 2 contrasting letters, dissimiliar appearances,upper and lower case presented together
phonemes individual speech sounds
segmenting dividing a word into its separate sounds
continuants consonant sounds that are srticulated with a continuous stream of breath
Created by: kristi01