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Stack #183745

Cubangbang's 7th Ch.12 Plant Kingdom:structure

green chloroplasts plastids
shape or form of structure Morphology
bodily structure of an organism Anatomy
The plants' four types of organisms roots,stems,leaves, and flowers.
all the roots of a plant Root System
region where a leaf is or was attached Node
flowering plants Anthophyta
cone producers Coniferophyta
ferns Pteridophyta
mosses Bryophyta
A root system that has a cluster of roots that are about equal size Fibrous root system
stems that are hard and not very flexible woody stems
stem that is softer and more flexible herbaceous stem
the flat, green part of a leaf blade
when a leaf blade looks like it has sevaral individual leaves compound leaf
smaller pieces of the blade leaflet
water and sugar conducting tissues Veins
when larger veins are all parallel to eachother parallel venation
leaves with veins that branch away from base of leaf palmate venation
when there is one main vein extending the length of a leaf with smaller veins branching away from it along its entire length. pinnate venation
part of a leaf between node and blade petiole
three or more leaves per node is a whorled
the cell walls of plants are made largely of cellulose
two characteristics of plant cells cell walls and plastids
chloroplast can convert the sun's light energy into food by a process called photosynthesis
chloroplast contain the green pigment called chlorophhyll
captures the light's energy chlorophyll
A tissue that is made primarily of long,hollow cells, much like miniature straws Xylem
is the younger xylem that still carries water sapwood
A tissue in plants that carries a sugar solution from the leaves to other parts of a plant phloem
extremely long, narrow cells fibers
the outermost tissue of leaves, young roots, adn young stems epidermis
a noncellular protective covering of leaves and young stems cuticle
outside the xylem of a tree is the bark
the innermost layer of the bark is a layer of tissue called vascular cambium
type of cell found in bark cork
layer of living cells under dead cork cork cambium
plants that have vascular tissue are called vascular plants
plants that dont have vascular tissue are called nonvascular plants
group where true mosses belong bryophytes
peat moss sphagnum
a thin rootlike structure rhizoid
nonvascular plants liverworts and hornworts
a plant that has tissues that conduct water and other materials but does not reproduce by forming seeds seedless vascular plant
fern leaves fronds
young fronds crosiers or fiddleheads
two main groups of seed plants gymnosperms and angiosperms
"naked seed" gymnosperm
plant that does not rely on water for sexual reproduction seed plant
"covered seed" angiosperm
the ripened ovary of a flower fruit
organisms that make there own food plants
Created by: iCookiez08