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Space Part 1

Vocabulary for the Space Test on Feb 12

Aristotle an ancient astronomer that believed that all of the planets and the sun orbit around the Earth->Geocentric Theory
Copernicus an astronomer that believed that all of the planets orbit the Sun ->Heliocentric Theory
Galileo an astronomer that proved that all of the planets orbit around the Sun by using the first telescope
Johannes Kepler an astronomer that stated that all of the planets have an elliptical orbit around the sun
Percival Lowell an astronomer that built the famous observatory in Flagstaff, AZ
Edwin Hubble an astronomer that studied the big bang theory and had a telescope/satellite named after him
Carolyn Shoemaker a female astronomer who filmed a comet impacting Jupiter *Arizona resident
Neil Armstrong first man to walk on the moon
New Horizon a space craft that is going to study Pluto
Juno a space probe that is going to study the atmosphere of Jupiter
Orbiter a space craft that orbits a planet and collects data
Flyby a space craft that flies by a planet and takes pictures
Lander a space craft that lands on a planet and collects data
Probe a space craft that drops into the atmosphere of a planet and records temperatures
Mars Curiosity a lander that is currently studying the surface of Mars
Mercury Program the first manned space program 1 astronaut in capsule
Gemini Program the second manned space program 2 astronauts in capsule
Apollo Program the third manned space program that sent astronauts to the Moon
Skylab first space station to orbit Earth
Space Shuttle manned space craft that looks like an airplane *took people back and forth from the I.S.S
I.S.S international space station
Rosetta Mission a mission that sent a space probe to study a comet
Universe largest object in space *full of galaxies and stars
Galaxy second largest object *full of solar systems and stars
Solar System contains planets, a star, asteroids, comets, and moons
Rotation when an object spins on its axis *causes day and night
Revolution when an object goes around another object *causes the seasons
Day and Night caused by the Earth's rotation *changes the most at the poles
Axis the imaginary line through the Earth *tilted 23 degrees
Seasons patterns in temperature and weather changes throughout the year->Summer, Spring, Winter, and Fall
Equinox when the sun shines equally on both hemispheres *Fall and Spring
Solstice when the sun shines more on one hemisphere than the other *Winter and Summer
Moon the Earth's only natural satellite
Mare dark areas of the moon *made of basalt
Highlands lighter areas of the moon *made of anorthosite and regolith
Craters holes made in the Moon by meteorite impacts
Moon Phases (8) New Moon, Waxing Crescent, 1st Quarter, Waxing Gibbous, Full Moon, Waning Gibbous, Last Quarter, Waning Crescent
Waning when the moon is "losing light" *second half of the moon cycle
Waxing when the moon is "gaining light" *first half of the moon cycle
Lunar Eclipse when the Earth blocks the Sun from the Moon *the Moon is in the Earth's shadow and its Red
Solar Eclipse when the Moon blocks the Sun from the Earth *the Earth is in the Moon's shadow
Tides (High and Low) the rising and falling of sea levels caused by the Moon's gravitational pull on the oceans
Created by: surfhwy1