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charpter 3

Matter Everything that has mass and takes up space
Element The ingredient that makes up all other substance. Can't be broken down into other substance
Metals Good conductors of electricity and heat. Can bend without breaking. Most have the color gray .
Nonmetals Do not conduct heat/ electricity very well.May be a gas or a solid.
Semi-Metals Sometimes likes metals and sometimes like nonmetals
atoms the smallest part of a element that still acts like that element
atomic theory states that everything is made of atoms
Compound a type of matter made of atoms
molecule smallest particle of a compound that still acts like that compound.
Proton positive charge. Found in the nucleus
Neutron No charge found in the nucleus
Electron Negative charge. Orbits the nucleus
solid Has a definite shape and volume particles don't slide by each other .Vibrate in place.particles are very close to each other.
liquid has a definite volume but no definite shape.particles can slide by each other. forces hold particles can slide by each other.forces hold particles together takes the shape of its contanier
gases no definite volume or shape. particles are far apart from each other . particles are far apart from each other.
plasma like a gas,but conducts electricity like a metal.occurs with high temps or electric charge.
melting point solid to liquid or liquid to a solid. same temperature as freezing point.
Evaporation when liquids be comes a gas.
condensation when gas becomes a liquid. Gas particles touch a cold surface and the temperature drops.
boiling point the temperature which evaporation occurs.
mixture two or substance that mix together but each keeps its own identity
solution a mixture where substance spreads out evenly and will not settle.
solute the substance being dissolved
solvent what the substance is dissolved in
solubility a way to measure how much a material dissolved into another.
Created by: lauren-carriere