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drugs any substance that causes a physiological change in a higher order animal
alcohol one of the most widely abused drugs
75% % of evidence in crime labs is drug related
23 million amount of people in the us that use illicit drugs
nature of the drug, route of administration, the dose, the frequency of administration, individuals rate of metabolism factors affecting drug dependence
physical dependence the physiological need for a drug that has been brought about by its regular abuse
psychological dependence the conditioned use of a drug caused by underlying emotional needs such as users expectations, societys attitudes and social settings
narcotics drugs that come from opium or have similar effects and reduce pain
hallucinogen drugs that have marked change in the way you perceive the world around you
depressants slow down the central nervous system, result in loss of motor control and reduced respiration
stimulants speed up the central nervous, causes agitation, high blood pressures, increased heart rate and rapid breathing
illicit drugs abused or controlled substance that is used for purposes other than originally indented or a substance with no recognized medical purpose
harrison act imposed tax on production, import, manufacture, dispensation of opium and coca leaves
schedule I no accepted medical use, highest potential for abuse
schedule II accepted medical use, highest for potential abuse, potential for severe dependence
schedule III less potential for abuse than II but more than IV, limited depencence
schedule IV lower potential for abuse than III but more than V, limited dependence
schedule V lowest potential for abuse, limited dependence
presumptive tests color or spot tests
final tests for the vast majority of drugs the GC/Mass Spec will be used for a definitive test for the presence of a drug
color tests indicate the presence of a drug
microcrystalline tests a drop of reagent added to a small quantity of drug to form a crystalline precipitate
chromatography separation technique for purification
spectrophotometry absorption of light by certain drugs in the UV and IR regions of the electromagnetic spectrum
mass spectrometry sample is blasted with high energy electrons which cause it to fragment in a predictable way
fragmentation pattern serves as a fingerprint for a particular compound
marijuana identification microscopic analysis of plant material for the presence of cystolithic hairs
cystolithic hairs bear claws on the upper side of the leaf
marquis test, duquenois-levine, scott test examples of presumptive tests
stimulant cocaine
hallucinogen marijuana
narcotics morphine
hallucinogen hashish
stimulant ecstacy
depressant barbituate
stimulant crack
narcotic codiene
narcotic heroin
narcotic opium
Created by: pace_sauce