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Key Of Life

Genetics terms

Karyotype the number and visual appearance of the chromosomes in the cell nuclei of an organism or species.
amino noun [ as modifier ] Chemistry the group —NH 2, present in amino acids, amides, and many amines. isocyanic acid reacts with amino groups. amino compounds.
Genotype the genetic constitution of an individual organism. Often contrasted with phenotype.
Phenotype nounBiology the set of observable characteristics of an individual resulting from the interaction of its genotype with the environment.
Mutations the action or process of mutating:
Mitosis a type of cell division that results in two daughter cells each having the same number and kind of chromosomes as the parent nucleus, typical of ordinary tissue growth.
Meiosis Biology a type of cell division that results in four daughter cells each with half the number of chromosomes of the parent cell, as in the production of gametes and plant spores.
Offspring a person's child or children:
Recessive Genetics relating to or denoting heritable characteristics controlled by genes which are expressed in offspring only when inherited from both parents. Often contrasted with dominant.
Monohybrid a hybrid that is heterozygous with respect to a specified gene.
Mendelian a person who accepts or advocates Mendel's theory of heredity.
Polygenic relating to or determined by polygenes.
chromosomes a thread-like structure of nucleic acids and protein found in the nucleus of most living cells, carrying genetic information in the form of genes.
autosomal any chromosome that is not a sex chromosome.
traits a distinguishing quality or characteristic, typically one belonging to a person
Created by: Tyler3284