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chapter 2

microorganism an organism that is microscopic, or not visible to the unaided eye
microbe another term for a microscopic organism
unicellular organisms are single-celled organisms, and multicellular
Binary fission is a type of asexual reproduction
Conjugation is a process in which organism fuse attach to each other, and exchange some of there genetic information
budding a bud first forms as a small growth on the parent cell.
cell cycle This ongoing process of growth, division, and replacement
mitosis The cell's nucleus divides, each new cell receives a full set of chromosomes.
zygote the two cells join to form a single cell
meiosis the nucleus of a cell divides twice
fertilization occurs when a sperm cell joins an egg cell
passive transport is the movement of substances through membranes
osmosis is the movement of water particles through the membrane
cellular respiration During cellular respiration cells break down glucose to release energy
active transport energy is required to move minerals and nutrients into or out of a cell
cell is the basic unit of capable of life
tissue a group of similar cells that work together
organ is a group of two or more types of tissue
organ system a group of organs working together
Created by: adrian.logue