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the 6 kingdoms

Classification the action or process of classifying something according to shared qualities or characteristics.
binomial nomenclature the system of nomenclature in which two terms are used to denote a species of living organism, the first one indicating the genus and the second the specific epithet
prokaryote a microscopic single-celled organism that has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles. Prokaryotes include the bacteria and cyanobacteria.
eukaryote an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria.
Dichotomous key A dichotomous key is a tool that allows the user to determine the identity of items in the natural world, such as trees, wildflowers, mammals, reptiles, rocks, and fish. Keys consist of a series of choices that lead the user to the correct name of a given
Archaea bacteria microorganisms that are similar to bacteria in size and simplicity of structure but radically different in molecular organization. They are now believed to constitute an ancient intermediate group between the bacteria and eukaryotes.
virus an invective agent that typically consists of a nucleic acid molecule in a protein coat, is too small to be seen by light microscopy, and is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host.
host an animal or plant on or in which a parasite or commensal organism lives.
parasite an organism that lives in or on another organism (its host) and benefits by deriving nutrients at the host's expense.
flagellum a slender threadlike structure, especially a microscopic whiplike appendage that enables many protozoa, bacteria, spermatozoa, etc., to swim.
binary fission A method of asexual reproduction that involves the splitting of a parent cell into two approximately equal parts.
conjugation the formation or existence of a link or connection between things, in particular.
endospore a resistant asexual spore that develops inside some bacteria cells.
decompose an organism, especially a soil bacterium, fungus, or invertebrate, that decomposes organic material.
protist (Biology) (in some classification systems) any organism belonging to the kingdom Protista, originally including bacteria, protozoans, algae, and fungi, regarded as distinct from plants and animals.
protozoan a single-celled microscopic animal of a group of phyla of the kingdom Protista, such as an amoeba, flagellate, ciliate, or sporozoan.
pseudopod A temporary projection of the cytoplasm of certain cells or of certain unicellular organisms, especially amoebas, that serves in locomotion and phagocytosis.
cilia Biology. minute hairlike organelles, identical in structure to flagella, that line the surfaces of certain cells and beat in rhythmic waves, providing locomotion to ciliate protozoans and moving liquids along internal epithelial tissue in animals.
algae a simple nonflowering plant of a large group that includes the seaweeds and many single-celled forms. Algae contain chlorophyll but lack true stems, roots, leaves, and vascular tissue.
spore (in a plant exhibiting alternation of generations) a haploid reproductive cell that gives rise to a gametophyte.
fungi a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the fungus groups and sometimes also the slime molds.
hyphae Any of the threadlike filaments forming the mycelium of a fungus.
fruiting body the spore-producing organ of a fungus, often seen as a mushroom or toadstool.
budding (of a part of the body) becoming larger as part of the process of normal growth
lichen a simple slow-growing plant that typically forms a low crustlike, leaflike, or branching growth on rocks, walls, and trees.
Created by: Camryn1