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Chapter 2 Science


protists one or many-celled eukaryotic organisms that can be plant-like, animal-like, or fungus-like
algae chlorophyll-containing plant-like protists that produce oxygen as a result or photosynthesis
flagellum long, thin whip-like structure that helps organisms move throught moist or wet surroundings
protozoan one-celled, animal-like protist that can live in water, soil, and living and dead organisms
cilia short, thread-like structures that extend from the cell membrane or a ciliate and enable the organism to move quickly
pseudopod temporary cytoplasmic extensions used by some protists to move about and trap food
photosynthesis a process in which chlorophyll containing organisms use energy from light and change carbon dioxide and water into simple sugars and oxygen gas
hyphae mass of many-celled, thread-like tubes forming the body of a fungus
spore waterproof reproductive cell of a fungus that can grow into a new organism; in plants, haploid cells inthe gametophyte stage that can divide by mitosis to form plant structures or an entire new plant or can develop into sex cells
basidium club-shaped, reproductive structure in which club fungi produce spores
ascus sac-like, spore producing structure of sac fungi
budding form of a asexual reproduction in which a new genetically-identical organism forms on the side of its parent
sporangium round spore case of a zygote fungus
lichen organism made up of a fungus of a green algae or a cyanobacteria
mycorrhizae network of hyphae and plant roots that helps plants absorb water and minerals from soil
mycelium tangled mass of thread-like hyphae
saprophytes organism that uses dead organisms as a sort of food source and helps recycle nutrients so they are available for use by other organisms
fruiting body the reproductive part of a fungus
Phylum Basidiomycota species that belong to the club fungi
Phylum Ascomycota species that belong to the sac fungi
Phylum Zygomycota species that belong to the zygote fungi
What is the scientific name for bread mold? rhizopus stolonifer
Why is a mushroom like the "tip of an iceberg"? because only a little bit sticks out, and the rest is under
fungi [[singular or plural]] plural
fungus [[singular or plural]] singular
hypha [[singular or plural]] singular
hyphae [[singular or plural]] plural
basidium [[singular or plural]] singular
basidia [[singular or plural]] plural
flagellum [[singular or plural]] plural
flagella [[singular or plural]] singular
Created by: smk95