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Science Terms Chapter 5

Asexual Reproduction Reproduction that requires only one parent and produces offspring that are genetic copies of the parent
Binary Fission A form of asexual reproduction in which a single parent cell replicates its genetic material and divides into two equal parts
Budding A form of asexual reproduction in which areas of an individual may undergo repeated mitosis and cell division and can develop into an identical organism
Cancer The result of uncontrolled cell division
Cell Cycle The three stages of the life of a cell, which include interphase, mitosis, and cytokinesis
Clone An identical genetic copy of an organisms parent
Cytokinesis The final stage of the cell cycle, which separates the two nuclei and cell contents into two daughter cells
Fragmentation A form of asexual reproduction in which each fragment of an organism develops into a clone of its parent
Interphase The first stage of the cell cycle, in which calls carry out life functions and cells that divide prepare for cell division
Mitosis The second stage of the cell cycle; the process in which the duplicated contents of the cell's nucleas divides into two equal parts
Replication The process during which the cell copies the 3 billion base pairs of DNA information in the nucleas
Spindle Fibres Tiny tube-like structures made of protein to which chromosomes attach during cell division
Spore Reproductive cells that grow into new individuals by mitosis
Stem Cell Cells that have the potential to become many different types of cells; two types of stem cells are embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells
Vegetative Reproduction Reproduction in which special cells, usually in plant stems and plant roots, divide repeatedly to form structures that will eventually develop into a plant identical to the parent
Created by: JaxsonG