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Chapter 9 SG

Life Science SG

What do scientists look at to classify living things? Characteristics
What is the science of taxonomy? The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms
In the pasy, what 2 groups did scientists use to classify all living things? Plants and animals
How many levels of classifications do scientists use today? 8 levels
How many domains do scientists use to classify living things today? 3 domains
What aid can you identify a living thing you do not know? Branching diagram and dichotomous key.
What makes up a living thing's scientific name? First word: Genus name Second word: Specific name
What can you guess is the best scientific name for an Asian elephant? Elephas asian
What do we call simple, multicellular living things? Protists
How do fungi take in and use nutrients from their surroundings? They melt it with acids then absorb the nutrients from substances in their surroundings.
What must a plant be exposed to for photosynthesis to occur? Sunlight
What are found where other living things can not survive? Archaea
What can live in soil, water, or inside the human body? Bacteria
What are small, single celled living things without a nuclei? Prokaryotes
What are eukaryotic living things that have cell walls and make their own food? Plants
What can respond quickly to changes in their environment? Animals
What do many animals depend on plants for? Food
Why do we classify organisms? To understand the many different kinds of organisms
What is taxonomy? The science of ________ is describing, naming, and classifying organisms
Who first wrote today's system of classification? Carolus Linnaeus
Why did more than 2 kingdoms of life have to be named as scientists made new discoveries? Because some organisms did not fit in the 2 categories
If 2 organisms can produce fertile offspring, what do we know about those organisms? They must have the same level of classifications and the same species
What are the 8 levels of organization? 1) Domains 2) Kingdom 3) Phylum 4) Class 5) Order 6) Family 7) Genus 8) Species
What are the largest, most general groups for classufying organisms? Domains
Kingdoms are sorted into phyla. What are phyla sorter into? Classes
Classes include one or more what? Orders
Orders are seperated into what? Families
What are families broken down into? Genera
What are genera sorted into? Species
Names created from the last 2 parts of an organism's taxonomy is called what? Scientific name
What are formal names in science usually made from what 2 languages? Latin and greek
What are 2 details about the Archaea, Bacteria, and Protist Kingdoms? Archaea: live in extreme environments, are prokaryotic Bacteria: live in soil, water, and human body, prokaryotic, and can cause diseases. Protist: eukaryotic, both Heterotrophic and Autotrophic, algae
What are 2 details about the Fungi, Plantae, and Animalia Kingdoms? Fungi: Does not eat food, mold, eukaryotic Plantae: uses photosynthesis, usually green, cell walls, eukaryotic Animalia: no cell walls, complex multicellular, has complex sense organs, and eukaryotic
Created by: mjys02