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Chapter 6 vocab

vocabulary words on chapter 6

agriculture the practice of farming
monoculture farming strategy in which large fields are planted with a single crop year after year
Green Revolution the development of highly productive crop strains and the use of modern agricultural techniques to increase yields of food crops
renewable resource resources that can regenerate quickly and that is replaceable
nonrenewable resource resource that cannot be replenished by natural processes
sustainable development using natural resources at a rate that does not deplete them
soil erosion wearing away of surface soil by water and wind
desertification in areas with dry climates, a process caused by a combination of poor farming practices, overgrazing, and drought that turns productive land into desert
deforestation destruction of forests
aquaculture the raising of aquatic organisms for human consumption
smog mixture of chemicals that occurs as a gray-brown haze in the atmosphere
pollutant harmful material that can enter the biosphere through the land, air, and water
acid rain rain containing nitric acid and sulfuric acid
biodiversity biological diversity; the sum total of the variety of organisms in the biosphere
ecosystem diversity variety of habitats, living communities, and ecological processes in the living world
species diversity number of different species in the biosphere
genetic diversity sum total of all the different forms of genetic information carried by all organisms living on Earth today
extinction disappearance of a species from all parts of its geological range
endangered species species whose population size is rapidly declining and will become extinct if the trend continues
habitat fragmentation splitting of ecosystems into small fragments
biological magnification increasing concentration of a harmful substance in organisms at higher trophic levels in a food chain or food web
invasive species plants and animals that have migrated to places where they are not native
conservation wise management of natural resources, including the preservation of habitats and wildlife
ozone layer atmospheric layer in which ozone gas is relatively concentrated
global warming increase in the average temperature temperatures on Earth
Created by: Tyl3r10959