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surgical pharm mod 1

surgical pharmacology module 01

Absorption process by which a drug is taken into the body and moves from the site of administration into the blood
Adverse effect undesired, potentially harmful side effects of drugs
Agonist drugs that bind to or have an attraction for a receptor and cause a particular response
Antagonist drugs that bind to a receptor and prevent a response; receptor blockers
Bioavailability indicates the degree to which the drug molecule reaches the site of action to exert its effects
Biotechnology genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technology
Biotransformation change lipid-soluble drug molecules into water-soluble molecules that can be more easily excreted
Bolus slow infusion
Contraindication reasons against giving a particular drug
Distribution diffuse out of the bloodstream to the site of action
Duration time between onset and disappearance of drug effects
Emulsion medication is contained in a mixture of water and oil bound together with an emulsifier
Enteral medication is taken orally; by mouth
Excretion process of eliminating out of the body
Hypersensitivity an adverse effect resulting from previous exposure to the drug or a similar drug
Idiosyncratic effect rare and unpredictable adverse reactions to drugs; causing excessive or an inadequate response to a drug
Indication reason or purpose for giving a medication
Local effect site of application
Onset first appearance of effects
Parenteral administrated by subcutaneous, intramuscular, and intravenous
Pharmacodynamics study of how the body processes drugs
Pharmacokinetics the science of how the action of drug affects the body
Plasma protein binding drug molecules bind to proteins contained in plasma
Reconstituted liquid mixed with a powder
Side effect a predictable but unintended effect of a drug
Solubility ability to be dissolved
Solution mixture of drug particles fully dissolved in a liquid medium
Suspension form in which solid undissolved particles float in a liquid
Synergist a drug that enhances the effect of another drug
Systemic effect throughout the entire body
Topical applied to the skin surface
Controlled substances Medications that are potential for abuse
Narcotics "Schedule" drugs that is prohibited with strict governmental regulations
DEA Drug Enforcement Administration; 1983
FDA Food and Drug Administration; agency within the Department of Health and Human Services
The Joint Commission evaluates and accredits health care organization and programs in the United States
OTC over the counter medications
PDR Physicians; Desk Reference; access to information on several thousand medication used in medical and surgical practice.
USP-NF United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary
Created by: 29418952