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Ocean Study Stack

Lauren Patton p3

What is one way in which water is a unique compound? It exist in nature as a solid, liquid, and gas
What is Cohesion? The attraction of molecules that are alike
What is Adhesion? The attraction of molecules that are not alike
What is Polarity? A condition in which opposite ends of a molecule have slightly opposite charges, but the overall charge of the molecule is neutral
Why does ice float on water? The ice is less dense than the water
What is another way in which water is a unique compound? It lets many substances dissolve in it (salt, sugar...etc.)
The particles of liquid water are closer together than the particles of the same volume of frozen water. True or False? True
The density of water is lowest at 4 degrees Celsius. True or False? False, the density of water is highest at 4 degrees celsius
Identify 5 of Earths oceans. The Atlantic, Pacific, Southern, Arctic, and Indian
What are 2 sources of water for earths oceans? Condensation/clouds and melted ice/asteroids
Where does the salt come from that is in the oceans? Water washes over rocks and dissolved minerals that contains the salt
Define Salinity. A measure of the mass of dissolved solids in a mass of water
What are the 4 main features of the ocean floor? Continental margins, abyssal plains, mid-ocean ridges, and ocean trenches
What is brackish water? A mixture of freshwater and seawater
What is the average salinity of seawater? 35 ppt (parts per thousandths)
What bodies of water are partly covered in ice? The Arctic and Southern ocean
Define ocean currents. A large volume of water flowing in a certain direction
What is a gyre? A circular system of currents
Name 5 major gyres. North Pacific, Indian Ocean, South Pacific, North Atlantic, and South Atlantic
What are density currents caused by? Changes in the density
How do surface currents affect weather and climate? It transfers a lot of thermal energy and moisture
Prevailing winds influence the ________ and ________ of surface currents. Formation and direction
What is upwelling? The vertical movement of water toward the oceans surface
What is one benefit of upwelling? It brings nutrient rich water
Created by: Lauren P