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7th Grade Midterm

Chapters 1, 2, 3, 6

The purpose of science is __?__. discovering the laws of creation and using it for man's benefit.
What is the study of body structure called? anatomy
What is the sum of all body activities? metabolism
What does the term fauna mean? animal life
A good scientific experiment will include ____________ factors and _____ variable. several factors and one variable
Which part of a plant embryo develops into the root system? radicle
A fruit develops from the part of the flower called the ____________. ovary
What type of plant needs two growing seasons to complete its life cycle? biennial
What is the scientific term for plants that produce covered, protected seeds? angiosperm
An underground structure made of thick, fleshy leaves surrounding a very short stem is called a _________. bulb
A seedling is a young plant that is able to survive without its __________________. cotyledons
A leaf that has more than one blade joined to the petiole is known as a __________________ leaf. compound
Most grasses have a creeping stem called a __________ that grows along the surface of the ground. stolon
The term that refers to leaves that attach directly to a stem is ________________. sessile
Two general methods of seed dispersal are __________________ dispersal and __________________ dispersal. agent and mechanical
What is a water environment called? aquatic
What is the specific place within an environment where an organism lives called? habitat
What term describes an animal that is active at night? nocturnal
What term describes meadows, deserts, and mountain environments? terrestrial
What term describes sea and ocean environments? marine
What term describes an environment of animals that live in trees? arboreal
A living thing with ________________ symmetry can be cut in equal halves in more than one direction. radial
Herbaceous plants have stems that are non-__________. woody
The food-making process of plants is called ___________________. photosynthesis
Which plant family produces legumes? pea
Which plant family has square and stout stems? mint
Which plant family includes fruits called grains? grass
List the six steps of the scientific method: State the problem Gather info Form a hypothesis Test the hypothesis Record and analyze State conclusion
What are the 3 leaf margins? toothed, lobed, entire
What are the 4 leaf arrangements? opposite, alternate, whorled, rosette
Which branch of circulation serves the heart? ________________ circulation coronary circulation (if you put systemic, I will count it correct also)
A group of tissues specifically arranged to perform a definite function for the body is an an organ
What is the largest lymphatic organ? spleen
\Which structure exchanges oxygen and nutrients between an unborn child and its mother? umbilicus
Which dome-shaped muscle aids in breathing? diaphragm
What is tissue fluid called after it enters the vessels? lymph
What is the primary pigment that causes skin color? melanin
The largest vessels that carry blood away from the heart are called _____________. arteries
What are the two types of fractures? compound and simple
A group of organs that function together to do a specific job in the body is a _______________. system
What part of the brain controls balance and coordination? cerebellum
What are cells that carry oxygen through the blood called? red blood cells
What bone protects the brain? cranium
What portion of the body contains most of the vital organs? trunk
Bile is produced by which organ? liver
Hair-like tubes in the small intestine that absorb nutrients are called _____________. villi
The joints in the shoulders and hips are examples of what type of joint? ball-and-socket
A plant that does not have true roots, stems, or leaves is ____________ moss
The man who developed the modern definition of "species" is ______________ John Ray
The Father of Taxonomy is ______________________ Linnaeus
The main categories of all living things are called _____________ kingdoms
A scientific name consists of the ________ name and the __________ name genus and species
The plants with vascular systems are ________________ tracheophytes
The science of classification is ____________________ taxonomy
Plants without vascular systems are _____________ bryophytes
Instead of roots, moss plants have ____________ rhizoids
Organisms that live in or on other organisms and obtain nutrients from them are called _____________. parasites
Some plants reproduce from ___________, not seeds. spores
What term is used to refer to a distinct type of organism (which taxon)? ______________ species
Which plant without a vascular system often forms a lush, green coating on moist surfaces? ______________ moss
The bristles found on roundworms are called ________________. setae
Animals without backbones are referred to as ____________________________. invertebrates
Which system removes liquid waste? urinary system
Which system has glands that control internal body functions? endocrine system
Which system provides movement for the body? muscular system
Which system breaks down food? digestive system
Which system supports the body and protects vital organs? skeletal system
Which system transports nutrients and oxygen to cells and carries wastes from cells? cardiovascular system
Which system covers and protects the body? integumentary system
Which system controls other body systems? nervous system
Which system provides oxygen and removes carbon dioxide? respiratory system
Created by: misschapman