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Phonics

Strategies and concepts for reading

QuestionAnswer
The first strategy for decoding unrecognized words context (syntax, semantics, punctuation)
The second strategy for decoding unrecognized words context, plus initial phonic element
The third strategy for decoding unrecognized words morphemic (structural) analysis
The fourth strategy for decoding unrecognized words graphophonic analysis
The first guiding principle for a reader to apply when decoding Is this a word I've heard before? (Does it sound right?)
The second guiding principle for a reader to apply when decoding Does it look right?
The third guiding principle for a reader to apply when decoding Does it make sense in this context?
90 % of decoding takes place using these two strategies Checking context (syntax, semantics, punctuation); and context, plus the initial phonic element
The smallest meaning-bearing parts of words morpheme
A bound morpheme _____________. must be attached (-s, -ed)
A free morpheme _____________. can exist alone (boy, jump)
Two free morphemes combined, but still retaining something of their original meaning compounds
Two free morphemes combined with part of the second morpheme omitted contractions
Basketball and firetruck are examples of _______. compounds
"Don't" and "he'd" are examples of _______. contractions
Morphemic analysis should be taught through which method? inductive method
The first step in teaching morphemic analysis through the inductive method Present examples in context (ideally from authentic literature)
The second step in teaching morphemic analysis through the inductive method Lead to generalization
The third step in teaching morphemic analysis through the inductive method Students provide new examples
The fourth step in teaching morphemic analysis through the inductive method Practice in context
Association of speech sounds with print phonics
smallest unit of speech that distinguishes meaning phoneme
one or more letters that represent a phoneme grapheme
speech sounds formed by the vibration of the vocal cords in conjunction with different shapes of the open vocal tract vowels
speech sounds formed by some degree of constriction at points along the vocal tract consonants
two adjacent letters that represent a single speech sound that is not already represented by a single consonant letter consonant digraph
two or more adjacent consonant sounds blended together with each individual sound retaining something of its own identity consonant cluster
Another name for a consonant cluster blend
The 7 digraphs of the English language as, ch, th(voiced, as in then), th (voiceless, as in thin), zh, wh, ng
The "st" in "stop" and the "thr" in "thread" are examples of clusters
Sound that glide from one vowel to another diphthong
The two diphthongs of the English language oi (oy), and ou (ow)
Sound of a vowel in an unaccented syllable schwa
Clusters of at least one vowel and at least one consonant that represent a consistent sound patter from word to word phonogram
The "ight" in "light" and the "ab" in cab are both examples of phonogram
The "happy" in the word "happiness" is an example of a free morpheme
the "un-" in "unhappy" is an example of a bound morpheme
The "-ily" in "quickly" is an example of a bound morpheme
The word "lighthouse" is made up of two free morphemes
If a child comes to a word they don't know, the should be encouraged to first read to the end of the sentence
The order for applying decoding strategies context, context plus initial phonic element, morphemic analysis, graphophonic analysis
Created by: dreambeane