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Developmental Theory

Kohlberg, Erikson, Piaget, Maslow, Kubler-Ross

Erikson's Developmental Sensory Stage Trust vs. Mistrust (Birth - 18 months)Unsuccessful - suspiciousness, trouble with personal relationships
Erikson's Developmental Muscular Stage Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt (1 - 3 years)Unsuccessful - low self esteem, dependency
Erikson's Developmental Locomotor Stage Initiative vs. Guilt (3 - 6 years) Unsuccessful - passiveness, strong feelings of guilt
Erikson's Developmental Latency Stage Industry vs. Inferiority (6 - 12 years)Unsuccessful - unmotivated, unreliable
Erikson's Developmental Adolescence Stage Identity vs. Role Confusion (12 - 20 years)Unsuccessful - rebellion, substance abuse, child-play behaviors
Erikson's Developmental Young Adult Stage Intimacy vs. Isolation (18 - 25 years)Unsuccessful - Emotional immaturity, may deny need for personal relationships
Erikson's Developmental Adulthood Stage Generativity vs. Stagnation (21 - 45 years)Unsuccessful - inability to show concern for anyone but self
Erikson's Developmental Maturity Stage Integrity vs. Despair (45 years - death)Unsuccessful - difficulty with aging and death, feelings of hopelessness
Piaget's Cognitive SENSORIMOTOR Stage (Birth - 2 years) Uses senses to learn about self
Piaget's Cognitive PREOPERATIONAL Stage (2 - 4 years) Thinks in mental images, symbolic play, develops own languages (4 - 8 years) Egocentrism
Piaget's Cognitive CONCRETE OPERATIONAL Stage (8 - 12 years) Ability for logical thought increases, moral judgement develops, numbers and spacial ability become more logical
Piaget's Cognitive FORMAL OPERATIONS Stage (12 years - adult) Develops adult logic, reasoning, plans for future, thinks in concepts or abstracts
Kohlberg's Moral Theory PRECONVENTIONAL Obeys to avoid punishment; concerned with having own needs met
Kohlberg's Moral Theory CONVENTIONAL Living up to what is expected of them, obeying the laws and rules
Kohlberg's Moral Theory POSTCONVENTIONAL Concerned with the greater good of all, justice and equality for all, following own conscious
Maslow's Hierarchy of Human Needs Physiological Needs, Safety and Security, Love and Belonging, Self-esteem, Self-actualization
Skinner's Operant Conditioning Involves Response, Stimulus, and Reinforcer
Rogers' 8 Steps to Unconditional Positive Regard Empathy, Respect, Genuineness, Concreteness, Confrontation, Self-disclosure, Immediacy of relationships, Self-exploration
Kubler-Ross' 5 Stages of Grief Denial, Anger, Bargaining, Depression, Acceptance
Definition of COGNITIVE The ability to reason, make judgements, and learn
Created by: Pickles74

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