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BEHP 2011 - Unit 1

Unit 1

Behavior Analysis 1. natural science 2. functional relations between behavior and environment 3. technological applications
Behavior Everything that an organism does
Skinner's definition of behavior movement of organism or its parts in a frame of reference provided by the organism or by various external objects or fields
Critical attributes of behavior 1. biological phenomenon 2. involves movement 3. can only be done by living organism 4. observable 5. measurable 6. involves interaction with environment
public behavior can be observed by others even though special instrumentation may be required
private behavior cannot be observed by others; can only be accessible to the organism who is engaging in the private event
examples of private events 1. sensed conditions 2. feelings 3. thoughts
Response specific instance of behavior
Response cycle beginning, middle, and end of a response
examples of response cycle 1. holding breath under water 2. screaming 3. face-slapping
Properties of Behavior 1. temporal locus 2. temporal extent 3. repeatability
Temporal locus single response occurs in time
temporal extent response occupies time
repeatability response can reoccur
Dimensional quantity quantifiable aspect of a property
types of dimensional quantities 1. latency 2. duration 3. countability 4. IRT 5. Rate 6. celeration
latency time between stimulus and response
duration time between beginning and end of response cycle
countability number of cycles of the response class
interresponse time time between 2 successive responses
rate ratio of number of responses over period of time
celeration change in one of the other quantities over time (acceleration or deceleration) in rate over time
topography physical nature of responses
magnitude and intensity topographical properties of a response class used to define behavior
function effect of response on behavior
response class grouping of individual actions or responses that share commonalities included in the class definition
topographical response class collection of 2 or more responses which share common form
functional response class collection of 2 or more topographically different responses that have the same effect on the environment usually producing a specific class of reinforcers
environment total constellation of stimuli and conditions which can affect behavior
skin only an artificial boundary
environmental context situation in which behavior occurs at any given time
stimulus change in environment which can affect behavior
physical characteristics stimuli can be classified by **1. temporal relation to responses 2. effect on behavior 3. effects on other stimuli
antecedent stimulus which precedes a response
consequence stimulus which follows a response
stimulus class group of stimuli that share certain characteristic
functional relations changes in antecedent or consequent stimulus class consistently alter a dimension of a response class
critical attributes of functional relations 1. orderly relations exist between 2 classes of events 2. changes in IV result in changes in DV 3. Value of DV changes in orderly fashion 4. functional relations must be demonstrated through systematic manipulatoins
Created by: sanya