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Plants and Animals

What are the three major differences between monocots and dicots? Monocots have parallel veins, the flower parts in threes, and there is only one cotyledon. Dicots have branching veins, the flower parts in fours or fives, and there are two cotyledons.
What is the function of roots? Supply plants with water and dissolved minerals, hold plants securely in the soil, and store surplus food made during photosynthesis.
What, in addition to sunlight, do plants need to perform photosynthesis? What gas is released? Plants need carbon dioxide and water to perform photosynthesis and they release oxygen.
What pigment is responsible for a plant's green color? Chlorophyll.
Cellular respiration produces water, carbon dioxide, and what? Energy.
What cell part captures energy from the sun to make food? Chloroplast.
Where does the energy that starts the process of photosynthesis come from? Sunlight.
What is the male part of the flower? The female part? Male: Stamen; Female: Pistil.
What part of the flower contains the ovules? Ovary.
During cellular respiration, what do plant cells use to produce energy from food? Oxygen.
Why is photosynthesis important? Plants get glucose from carbon dioxide and water.
What is fertilization? Fertilization happens when a sperm fuses with the egg inside the ovule.
After fertilization, the ovule develops into a what? Seed.
To be considered a food, a substance must provide what? Energy.
What are the six things needed by plants to grow and develop? Glucose, air, water, light, suitable temperature, minerals.
If a plant gets light from only one direction, what is the likely direction of the shoots? Towards the light.
If a plant is tipped on its side, the shoots will most likely grow in what direction? Upward.
If a plant bends toward the light, it is showing what kind of tropism? Positive phototropism
Roots growing toward the center of the Earth are showing what kind of tropism? Positive gravitropism
Why do leaves turn orange and yellow in the fall? Green chlorophyll breaks down.
Why do deciduous trees shed their leaves? Loss of leaves helps the tree survive low temperatures and long periods without rain.
What is the function of fruit that surrounds seeds? It protects developing seeds.
Why are plants green in color? They have chlorophyll.
What is the purpose of petals? Petals attract insects or other animals, helping in the process of pollination.
What is the purpose of cotyledons? They are the embryotic first leaves of a seedling.
What are sperm and eggs? Sperm is a male sex cell; An egg is a female sex cell.
What is an embryo? A plant in an early stage of development.
What is a collection of specialized cells called? Tissue.
What is a group of tissues that carries out a special function called? Organs.
What do animals use to get from one place to another? Movement.
What is an organism that eats other organisms called? Heterotroph.
Do animals have prokaryotic cells or eukaryotic cells? Eukaryotic cells.
Do animal cells have a cell wall? No.
Are animals unicellular or multicellular? Multicellular.
What is a vertebrate? An animal with a backbone.
What is an invertebrate? An animal without a backbone.
What is a heterotroph? Organisms that get energy by eating other organisms.
What is tropism? The growth of all or part of an organism in response to stimulus.
What is phototropism? A change in the direction a plant grows caused by light.
What is thigmotropism? A plant's growth in response to touch.
What is gravitropism? A plant's growth in response to gravity.
Multicellular Animals and plants.
Embryos Animals and plants.
Autotrophs Plants.
Organ systems Animals and plants.
Move freely Animals.
Cell walls Plants.
Seeds, spores Animals.
Oxygen, release carbon dioxide Animals.
Sexual and asexual reproduction Animals and plants.
Heterotrophs Animals.
Cuticle Plants.
Carbon dioxide, release oxygen Plants.
Created by: 1962116900