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Animal Adaptations

Stack #171485

TermDefinition or Explanation
Adaptation A feature, behavior, or characteristic that helps a species survive in its environment
Antibiotic A chemical substance made from certain molds or bacteria and designed to kill germs that cause diseases
Amphibian A cold-blooded animal in the animal class. Breathes with gills in larval stage, followed by a lung-breathing adult stage. Most lay eggs, which go through stages of development before they reach adulthood. (There are exceptions, but MOST animals in this g
Biodiversity The variety of life in an ecosystem (living AND nonliving things in an area)
bio WORD STUDY: Having to do with life
bird Warm-blooded, egg-laying vertebrate. Features include wings, feathers, a beak, and the ability to fly. (There are exceptions, but MOST animals in this group fit!)
Aves The class of birds
camouflage The coloring, shape, and size that help some animals blend in whihc or look like their environment
community All living things (plants, animals, and other organisms) that live and interact in an area
class (in science)A set or category of things that have some property or attribute in common. (In SS): A system of ordering of ordering people based on a quality, belief, or monetary system.
cold-blooded The ability of living things to change their body temperatures to their surroundings (Flip side: The INABILITY to adjust body temperature radically from their surroundings)
competition The strugle of one organism against another to get what it needs to live
conservation When people work to protect Earth and its resources
chloroplast A structure that contains chorophyll, which allows plants to make their own food
consumers Organisms that do not make their own food; they eat other plants and animals
decomposers Organisms that get food by breaking down dead plant and animal matter
diet All the foods a living thing usually eats or drinks
dormant (Sci: of an animal) When an animal slows down body functions for a period of time (Sci: Volcanoes) temporarily inactive (Sci: disease)When a sickness causes no symptoms, but is not cured(Sci: plants) When a plant is alive, but not actively growing
drought a prolonged, or extra long, period of little rainfall that leads to a water shortage
ecosystem The living and nonliving things in an exosystem
endangered Living things that are in danger, or at risk of, becoming extinct
extinct When every kind of certain plant or animal has died
energy The ability to make living things move or change
food chain The way energy passes from one organism to another (Example: lettuce>rabbit>hawk)
food web The different overlapping and interconnected food chains in a community that are linked together
habitat The place in an ecosystem (living and non-living things in a habitat) where living things live and grow
inherited characteristics Adaptations that living things inherit from their parents
learned behavior Characteristics, abilities, or actions that are taught
genus When ordering living things, this is the category above species and below family; The genus is begins with a capitalized Latin name.
hibernate To maintain a dormant state for a long period of time, as some animals do in winter
insectivore an insectivorous animal or plant (one that comsumes insects)
instinct Behaviors animals are born with
introduced species An organism which has been brought to a new place and has managed to establish itself in its new habitat
invertebrate An organism that does not have a backbone
kingdom (In science)The highest category of classification. This category is very broad, with many members.
life cycle The series of changes living things go through from life to death
life span The amount of time between an organism's birth and death (In other areas: the amount of time for which something functions. For example: The typical life span of this washing machine is 11 years.
Living/non living The identification of weather something has the capacity to live, or not
mammal Warm-blooded vertebrate. Characteristics include hair or fur, ability to produce milk (in females), and birth of live young (*These qualities apply to MOST mammals, but there are exceptions.)
metamorphosis The change in form or funtion of a living thing as it grows (Examples: Butterflies have a 4-stage metamorphosis. Frogs have 3 stages. During the last stage, they go from being herbivores to being carnivores.)
migration Moving to a new area that has more of something an animal needs (heat, food, space, etc.)
mimicry The look-alike or immitation feature of an organism
mollusk An invertebrate of the PHYLUM Mollusca. These critters have soft bodies, and generally (mostly) have external calcerous shell (a shell of something like calcium outside their bodies). They live in aquatic (water) or damp environments. Members include sn
native species Born, raised, and orginally found in a the environment they inhabit (live in)
niche Specialized position or role that helps an organism survive
order A category that ranks below class and above family
organism Living thing
Overpopulation When there are more organisms in a specific habitat or ecosystem for the resources available
Phylum A category that ranks above class and below kingdom
Physical adaptation A special body part that helps an organism survive
population a group of living things lving in an area, habitat, or ecosystem (Example: Jeff Corwin found a small population of harlequin frogs not known to exist in the area, while taping his show about frogs.)
phytoplankton Tiny plantlike organisms that float at or near the water's surface
producer A plant that uses the sun's energy, along with other substances, to make its own food
property Something about an object or substance that can be measured or sensed (Examples: color, shape, weight, hardness, luster)
predator An animal that kills other animals for food(Word extension: Predation - the act of preying on an animal for food.)
prey The animals that are captured and eaten by a predator
reproduce When organisms have young of their own
restore When nature repairs itself after a disaster
scavengers animals that get food by eating dead organisms
side effect an additional change in the body of a living thing caused by a chemical designed to produce another kind of change
Radial symmetry Symmetry around a central axis (symmetry from the center, like in a sea star or tulip)
regenerate Regrow or replace injured or lost tissue
reptile Cold-blooded vertebrate in the class Reptilia. Characteristics typically (usually) include dry, scaly skin, and soft-shelled egg laying on dry land
species The A group of similar living things capable of exchanging genes and interbreeding. The characteristic below genus.
symbiotic relationship The living together of two different organisms in a realtionship that can either benefit or harm one or both living things. (Examples: Ticks and dogs; clowfish and anenome;
qualitative observation Measurable observation
qualitative observation Observable, but not measurable
symmetry The quality of having similar parts facing each other (example: butterfly)
system A set of interconnected things that work together to form a whole (Examples: digestive system)
vertebrate Backbone
warm-blooded The ability of vertebrates to maintain the same body temperature regardless of their environment
zooplankton tiny, animal-like organisms that float at or near the water's surface
homeostasis (extension word) The tendancy of an organism to adjust itself to maintain a balanced state
multicellular organism A living thing made up of more than one cell
population density the number of individuals in a certain area of an ecosystem (How many critters in how much space)
unicellular organism a living thing with only one cell
Created by: minaforls4