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UVI COM120 MidTerm

midterm exam study guide- ch 1-8, 10-12

what are the ways that speakers can get feedback? friends/colleagues for critique of your speech evaluation forms to all your listeners after speech have a small group share their reactions videotape presentation
What is a hormone, triggered by stress that stimulates "fright, flight, fright" adrenaline
what rights Royalty-free materials affords a buyer? right to use it in publication, speech, or video production w/o having to ask permission or pay anything extra
What question permits a broad range of responses? open-ended question
What question requires only a short, specific response? closed question
What question is designed to stimulate elaboration after the initial question? follow-up question
A device that alerts listeners to important points spotlight
A concise review of material covered during the body of speech internal summary
an explicit statement of the place that a speaker has reached signpost
a transitional device that links what went before with the next part of the speech bridge
what term does the text use for evidence that illustrates or substantiates a point? support material
which part of the speech do many experienced speakers recommend that you create first? the body
an instance that seems to illustrate a point example
a description that evokes a lifelike picture within the mind of the listener vivid image
showing how two or more items are alike comparison
showing how two or more items are different contrast
resemblance in some respects between things that are otherwise dissimilar analogy
a story that illustrates a point narrative
numerical facts assembled to present significant information about a subject statistics
statement by acknowledge person testimony
what is adjusting one's material & delivery to meet listener's needs? adaptation
what is to restate material, using different to words? paraphrase
what is the main advantage of using testimony from a reputable source? instant credibility
what is an act, word, or object that is forbidden on grounds of morality or taste? taboo
subject of a speech topic
the broad objective of a speech general purpose
the precise goal that a speaker wants to achieve specific purpose
criteria for high-quality information factual reliable well-supported current verifiable fair comprehensive
what is pretending to listen; tuning speakers out fake-listening
steps in the speech communication process speaker message channel listener feedback interference situation
the originator of a message sent to a listener speaker
the receiver of the speaker's message listener
whatever is communicated verbally and nonverbally to the listener message
the pathway used to transmit a message channel
verbal and nonverbal responses made by a listener to a speaker feedback
anything that obstructs accurate communication of a message interference
the setting in which communication takes place situation
your neighbor's German Shepherd barks whenever someone shouts a command in German at him. A friend's German Shepherd has a knowing look whenever she hears German being spoken. If you conclude (without doing further research)..you are making which mistake? a.accepting a claim based soley on anecdotes
when you ask a question of a listener (to break the monotony of a long presentation), which technique should you use? ask a question to on individual of audience
when are pauses unacceptable in a speech when used as fillers?
interference that arises outside the listener: coughing, baby crying, ect external
interference comes from within the listener: daydreaming, worrying internal
interference occurs when the speaker uses unfamiliar words; wears bizzare clothing speaker-generated
the setting in which communication takes place; time of day situational
what is generating many ideas quickly and uncritically brainstorming
who is a specialist in information retrieval reference librarian
what should you include in an outline? title purpose and central idea intro & conclusion body transitions bibliography visual aids
what are some disadvantages to using a full sheet of paper for speaking notes? many speakers succomb to the temptation of copious notes which harms them in speech- too little eye contact too much looking at notes a full sheet of paper can a speaker's eyes to glide over key points because the "map" is so large if sheet is handheld due to no lectern, it tends to shake and rustle distracting listeners harder to make corrections on paper than notecards
what is judging other cultures as inferior to one's own culture ethnocentrism
why should we not have hidden objectives in a speech? eliminate ulterior purposes that make is self-centered and insensitive to our listeners' needs?
what are you required to do if you want to reproduc a U.S. Weather Bureau pamphlet on how to protect oneself in tornado? nothing; source is federal gov and not copyrighted' no permission/fee needed
what are different types of support materials? definition vivid image examples narrative (hypothetical) comparison/contrast analogy testimony statistics
what are the main goals of the introduction of your speech capture & hold audience interest/attention prepare listeners for the body of the speech
list the pitfalls you need to avoid when asking questions. avoid questions that can fizzle don't drag out suspense never ask embarrassing or personal questions don't divide audience into camps w/ loaded questions don't expect universal participation for over-response questions make sure audience understands whether or not question is overt-response or rhetorical
an arrangement of information that explores a problem and then offers a solution problem-solution
a scheme that links outcomes (effects) and the reasons for them (causes) cause-effect
an arrangement of information in terms of physical space, such as top to bottom spatial
an arrangement of information in a time sequence chronological
list of websites categorized by subject subject directory
the key concept of a speech central idea
what are the techniques for evaluating speeches establishing criteria listen objectively take notes concentrate on one criterion at a time look for both positive & negative aspects give positive comments first couple negative comments w/ positive alternatives ignore nervousness and be specific
Created by: mahepath