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WGU IPC1

WGU IPC1 Visual and performing arts study notes

QuestionAnswer
Drawing Mediums Pencil/Graphite, Charcoal, Colored Pencils, Pastels, Chalk, Pen and Ink, Wash and Brush, Crayons and markers.
Painting Mediums Oil, Acrylic, Watercolor, Tempura, Fressco, Gouache, Encaustic
Printmaking Mediums Engraving, Etching, Drypoint, Aquatint, Planographic Process, Lithography, Silkscreen, Relief printing.
Photography Mediums Silver gealtin print (Black and white), Color photograph, Digital Photo, Pictoral Photo (major characteristics and subject matter generalizations)
Linear perspective vanishing point, horizon line, Orthogonal lines
Vanishing Point should be located near the center of the horizon line. The vanishing point is where all parallel lines (orthogonals) that run towards the horizon line appear to come together like train tracks in the distance.
Horizon Line runs across the canvas at the eye level of the viewer. The horizon line is where the sky appears to meet the ground.
Orthogonal Lines "visual rays" helping the viewer's eye to connect points around the edges of the canvas to the vanishing point. An artist uses them to align the edges of walls and paving stones.
One Point Perspective In one-point perspective, the forms are seen face on and are drawn to a single vanishing point.
Two Point Perspective Objects seen at an angle would be drawn with two-point perspective using two vanishing points.
Genres of Theatre Tregedy, Comedy, Tragicomedy, Melodrama, Performance Art, Musical Theatre
Elements of Plot: (Scriptwritting Included) Unity, exposition, Complication, Climax, Resolution, Denounment, Crisis, Discovery, Reversal, Foreshawdoing, Suspense.
Elements of Character: Symbol, Protagonist
Elements of Direction: Monolouge, Soliloquy, Aside
Spectacle (visual elements): Mise-en-scene, Lighting, Costumes
Music (aural elements: Sound effects
Five elements of Two Dimensional Art Line, Form (shape), Color, Space, Texture
Four principles of Art: Repetition:(Rhythm, Harmony, Variation,) Balance: (Symmetrical, Asymmetrical)UnityFocal Area
Methods of Construction for Three Dimensional Art Subtraction, Substitution, Addition, Manipulation
Materials of Construction for Three Dimensional Art Stone, Metal, Wood, Plastic, Wire, Light (neon)
Five elements of three-dimensional art that make up composition Mass, Line, Shape, Color, Texture
Two principles of three-dimensional art RepetitionProportion
Color Wheel Clockwise (primary and secondary) Red, Orange, Yellow, Green, Blue, Purple,
Teritary Colors: OrangeRed, YellowOrange, GreenYellow, BlueGreen, BluePurple, RedPurple
Complimentary Colors: Opposites on the color wheel Examples: Red-Green, Orange-Blue Etc.
Elements of Music: Tone, Consonance/Dissonance, Rhythm, Tempo, Melody, Counterpoint, Harmony, Dynamics, Contrast, Timbre, Texture
Melody Melody is the part of music that we can sing. It is a series of notes arranged in a particular rhythmic pattern and divided up into smaller units called phrases. Melody is the horizontal structure of music.
Tempo Tempo comes from the Italian word meaning time, and refers to the pace of the piece of music. Tempo markings are in Italian and range from very slow (adagio), to very fast (presto).
Dynamics Dynamics refer to the volume or loudness of a tone. Dynamics range from very soft (pianissimo), to very loud (fortissimo). Crescendo means gradually becoming louder. Decrescendo means gradually becoming softer.
Rhythm is the heartbeat of music. As music passes in time, it is divided into perceptible sections, and each section subdivided further.
Harmony is the combination of two or more notes to produce new sounds called chords. We can say that harmony is the vertical structure of music. It adds depth and texture to the piece.
Motif A short musical idea, usually a subdivision of a theme or a phrase characterized by its rhythm, melody or harmony.
Timbre is musical color. Each instrument has its own color and produces its own mood or emotion. Varying combinations of instruments produce different textures and distinctive colors.
Rondo The rondo is a lively movement with a recurring theme. Its form is A-B-A-C-A-D-A. The listener becomes more familiar and comfortable with the theme each time it returns.
Sonata composed for solo instrumentalist, or solo with piano accompaniment and were generally written in three movements.
Coda is the very last part of the music. This small section brings a large work of several movements such as a sonata, or a symphony, to a satisfying conclusion.
Concerto it is used to describe a work for solo instrument(s) with orchestra.
Symphony A symphony is a large work for orchestra usually consisting of four movements.
Forms of Dance: Ritual (Folk), Social (Court), and Theatre (Ballet, Modern, Jazz)
Elements of Dance: Energy, Space, Time, Choreography, Notation, Setting
Renaissance: Leonardo da VinciMichelangeloPiero della FrancescaAlbrecht Durer
Baroque: Rembrandt van Rijn, Judith Leyster
Neoclassical: Francisco de Goya, Jacques-Louis David
Romanticism: Eugene Delacroix
Realism: Gustave Courbet
Impressionism: Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Mary Cassatt, Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Post-Impressionism: Vincent Van Gogh, Paul Cezanne
Cubism: Pablo Picasso
Pop Art: Andy Warhol
Paleolithic: decorated objects (carved of clay, bone, or stone or made of clay) and Venus figurines (often of child-bearing age women) and its cave paintings, usually of hunting scenes or focused on fertility
Mesolithic: greater focus on human figures in its rock and cave paintings, and the creation of stone microliths (small stone tools, usually made of flint or chert) and pottery.
Neolithic: The construction of megaliths (large stone monuments) and temple buildings and tombs reflected new religious expression. Stylized pictographs (stone paintings expressing artistic or religious meaning) represented the precursor of a written language.
Mesopotamian (Babylonian) Art Some of the most celebrated architecture of the ancient world was found in Mesopotamia
Egyptian Art This art had a religious focus, with depictions of gods and goddesses and life after death, in the sculptures, tombs, monuments (pyramids, etc.) and paintings of the Egyptians.
Persian Art rich art heritage, including architecture, painting, weaving, pottery, and works of stone and metal.
Objective response to art: Objective judgements and claims are assumed to be free from personal considerations, emotional perspectives, etc. (Factual) The Object is red.
Subjective response to art: Subjective judgements and claims, however, are assumed to be heavily (if not entirely) influenced by such personal considerations. (Opinion orienated)The artwork is pretty.
Created by: christina91300 on 2008-10-26



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