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Cell Notes

Cell structures and functions

Cell Wall ◊Animal cells don't have one ◊Plants: made of cellulose ◊Gives strength structure and rigidity to plant thru Turgor Pressure
Cell Membrane ◊Outside covering ◊Determines what goes in/out of cell ◊Flexible but supports cells
Vacuole ◊Storage unit in cells that hold water ◊Large in plants, small in animal cells
Nucleus ◊Control center of cell ◊Houses DNA ◊Controls cell growth and makes ribosome
Mitochondria ◊"Power House of the cell" ◊Produces energy (breaks down glucose) ◊C6H12O6 + O2 + CO2 + H2O + Energy
Cytoplasm ◊Gelatinous, semi-transparent fluid that fills the cells ◊Organelles are suspended in cytoplasm
Chloroplast ◊Only Found in Plants ◊Site of Photosynthesis: captures radiant energy and converts it to chemical energy ( C6H12O6) AKA- glucose ◊Has chlorophyll- green pigment that absorbs light
Prokaryote ◊A single-celled organism with NO Nucleus ◊DOES have DNA ◊No other specialized organelles ◊Eubacteria and Archaebacteria
Eukaryote ◊Has a Nucleus that contains DNA ◊Single or multicellular ◊Has membrane bound organelles ◊Includes all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria
Cell Theory ◊All living organisms are composed of one or more cells ◊The cell is the most basic unit of life ◊All cells arise form pre-existing, living cells
Lysosome ◊Contains digestive enzymes to break things down in cell
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum ◊Covered in ribosomes, stores proteins
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum ◊(No ribosomes) transports cell products
Ribosome ◊Site of Protein Synthesis
Golgi Body ◊Packages cell products for transport (Like UPS)
Created by: smith_890390