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Medical term ch.3+4

Stack #168029

what system are the hair,skin,and nails? integumentary
what is the primary function of the skin? to protect from pathogens
what is the thin,outer membrane layer? epidermis
what is the middle,fibrous connective tissue layer? dermis
what is the inner most layer,containing fatty tissue? subcutaneous layer
what are special cells located in the basal layer? melanocytes
what gives the skin it's black pigment? melanin
The fibers in the hair is made up of what protein? keratin
what is the name of the muscle in the skin? arrector pili
sebaceous glands secrete what oil? sebum
what is the name of sweat glands? sudoriferous glands
It contains a small amount of waste product,but is normally colorless and odorless sweat or perspiration
The sweat glands that are located in the under arm and in the pubic area. apocrine glands
pertaining to under the skin. subcutaneous
pertaining upon the skin. epidermal
pertaining to under the skin. hypodermic
pertaining to within the skin. intradermal
inflammation of the skin. dermatitis
specialist in skin. dermatologist
black tumor melanoma
pus forming pyogenic
oily discharge seborrhea
red skin erythroderma
scaly and dry skin ichthyoderma
hard skin scleroderma
a scraping away of the skin surface by friction. abrasion
collection of hardened sebum in hair follicle.also called blackhead comedo
injury caused by a blow to the body;causes swelling,pain,and bruising.the skin is not broken. contusion
bluish tint to the skin caused by deoxygenated blood. cyanosis
branch of medicine involving diagnosis and treatment of conditions and diseases of the system.physician is a dermatologist. dermatology
profuse sweating diaphoresis
redness or flushing of the skin erythema
excessive hair growth over the body hirsutism
formation of a raised and thickened hypertrophic scar after an injury or surgery keloid
a general term for a wound,injury,or abnormality lesion
pigmented skin blemish,birthmark,or mole.usually benign but may become cancerous nevus
abnormal paleness of the skin pallor
pinpoint purple or red spots from minute hemorrhages under the skin petechiae
condition in which the skin reacts abnormally when exposed to light,such as uv rays of the sun. photosensitivity
surgical specialty involved in repair,reconstruction,or improvement of body structures such as the skin that are damaged,missing,or misshapen.physician plastic surgery
severe itching. pruritus
containing pus or an infection that is producing pus.pus consists of dead bacteria,white blood cells,and tissue debris. purulent
congenital collection of dilated blood vessels causing a red birthmark that fades a few months after birth. strawberry hemangioma
also called hives;a skin eruption of pale reddish wheals with severe itching.usually associated with food allergy,stress,or drug reactions. urticaria
commonly called warts;a benign growth caused by virus.has a rough surface that is removed by chemicals and/or laser therapy. verruca
fluid-filled sac under the skin cyst
a torn or jagged wound;incorrectly used to describe a cut. laceration
flat discolored area that is flush with the skin surface.An example would be a freckle or a birthmark. macule
raised spot on the skin containing pus pustule
open sore or lesion in the skin or mucous membrane ulcer
a blister;small,fluid-filled raised spot on the skin vesicle
small,round swollen area on the skin reactions such as hives and usually accompanied by urticaria wheal
imflammatory disease of the sebaceous glands and hair folicles resulting in papules and pustules acne
common form of acne seen in teenagers.characterized by comedo,papules,and pustules acne vulgaris
cancerous tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis.A frequent type of skin cancer that rarely metastasizes or spreads.These cancers can arise on the sun exposed skin. basal cell carcinoma
skin reddened first degee/superfical
blisters second degree/partical thickness
charring third degree/full thickness
method for determining percentage of body burned. rule of nines.
a diffuse,acute infection and inflamation of the connective tissue found in the skin. cellulitis
open sore caused by pressure over bony prominences cutting off the blood flow to the overlying skin.These can appear in bedridden patients who lie in one position too long and can be difficult to heal.Also called bedsore decubitus ulcer
superficial dermatitis of unknown cause accompanied by redness,vesicles,itching,and crusting. eczema
tissue necrosis usually due to deficient blood supply. gangrene
a highly infections bacterial infection of the skin with pustules that rupture and become crusted over. impetigo
form of skin cancer frequently seen in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids)patients.consists of brownish-purple papules that spread from the skin and metastasize to internal organs. kaposi's sarcoma
dangerous forms of skin cancer caused by an uncontrolled growth of melanocytes.may quickly metastasize or spread to internal organs. malignant melanoma
infestation of lice.the eggs laid by lice are called nits and cling tightly to hair. pediculosis
chronic inflammatory condition consisting of papules forming silver scale patches with circular borders. psoriasis
contagious viral skin infection.commonly called german measles. rubella
contagious skin disease caused by egg-laying mite that burrows through the skin and causes redness and intense itching ;often in children scabies
chronic disease of the connective tissue that injures the skin,joints,kidneys,nervous system,and mucous membranes.may produce a characteristic red,scaly butterfly rash across the cheeks and nose systemic lupus erythematosus
fungal infection of the scalp.commonly called ringworm tinea capitis
fungal infection of the foot. commonly called athlete's foot tinea pedis
contagious viral skin infections.commonly called chicken pox varicella
disappearance of pigment from the skin in patches,causing a milk white appearance.also called leukoderma vitiligo
absence or loss of hair,especially of the head.commonly called baldness. alopecia
bacterial infection of a hair follicle.characterized by redness,pain,and swelling.also called a boil. furuncle
a laboratory test that grows a colony of bacteria removed from an infected area in order to identify the specific infecting bacteria and then determine it's sensitivity to variety of antibiotics culture and sensitivity(c&s)
a piece of tissue is removed by syringe and needle,knife,punch,or brush to examine under a microscope.used to aid in diagnosis biopsy
scrapings ,taken with a curette or scaper,of tissue from lesions are placed on a growth medium and examined under a microscope to identify fungal growth. fungal scrapings
skin graft from one person to another;donor is usually a cadaver. allograft
skin graft from a person's own body autograft
skin graft from an animal of another species(usually a pig)to human.also called xenograft heterograft
skin graft from an animal of another species(usually a pig)to a human.also called heterograft xenograft
destruction of tissue by using caustic chemicals,electric currents,heat,or by freezing. cauterization
removal of superfical skin lesions with curette(surgical instuments shaped like a spoon)or scraper curettage
removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue from a wound. debridement
abrasions using chemicals.also called chemical peel chemabrasion
abrasion or rubbing using wire brushes or sandpaper.performed to remove acne scars,tattoos,and scar tissue. dermabrasion
removal of skin lesions and birthmarks using a laser beam that emits intense heat and power at a close range.the laser converts frequencies of light into one small,powerful beam. laser therapy
removal of fat beneath the skin by means of suction. liposuction
surgical removal of excess skin to eliminate wrinkles.commonly referred to as a face lift. rhytidectomy
applied to skin to deaden pain anesthetics(lidocine,procaine,novocain)
kill bacteria causing skin infections antibiotics(neosporin ointment,neomycin
kill fungi infecting the skin antifungals(lotrimin,monistat)
kills mice of lice antiparasitics(nix,kwell,lindane)
reduce servere itching. antipruritics(benadryl,camphor,zinc)
used to kill bacteria in skin cuts and wounds or at a surgical site antiseptics(isopropyl alcohol,hydrogen peroxide)
treats herpes simplex infection anti-virals(valtrex,famvir)
specific type of powerful anti-inflammatory cream cortisteroid cream(hydrocortisone,cortaid)
Bx biopsy
c&s culture and sensitivty
I&d incision and drainage
subcu,sc subcutaneous
uv ultraviolet
where two bones meet joint
bones are held together by ligaments
the site of bolood cell production bone marrow
The formation of strong bones is greatly dependent on an adequate supply of minerals such as calcium and phosphorus.
their are different types of bones are found throughout the body they are long bones,short bones,flat bones and irregular bones
the human skeleton has two divisions axial skeleton,appendicular skeleton
the axial skeleton includes the bones in the head,neck,spine,chest,and truck
the appendicular skeleton consists of the pectoral girdle,upper extremities,pelvic girdle,and lower extremities
Created by: vongsavanh