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7E Mixtures and Sep

Key words

Dissolve When a substance mixes in with the solution
Filtrate The liquid that passes through the filter
Mixture Two or more substances mixed together but not bonded
Suspension A mixture where the heavier portion will separate out when left to stand
Colloid A mixture where the substances do not separate out when left to stand
Disperse To spread out
Opaque Light does not pass through
Transparent Clear. Light can pass through. May be coloured or colourless.
Filter Removing large solid or suspended particles from a liquid
Sieve A mesh or grid to separate solids according to size
Solvent The liquid in a solution
Solute The substance dissolved in solution (can be solid, liquid or gas)
Solution A mixture of solvent and solute
Solubility The amount of solute that can dissolve in a solvent
Soluble A substance that can dissolve
Insoluble A substance that cannot dissolve
Evaporate To change from liquid to gaseous state below the boiling point
Heating to dryness Removing from heat allowing the remaining liquid to evaporate to prevent spitting
Boiling To change from liquid to gaseous state at the boiling point
Chromatography To separate a substance based on how well in is carried by a solvent through a substance
Desalination To remove water from salt
Distillation To separate a liquid from a mixture by boiling and condensation
Steam Water vapour
Condense To change from the gaseous to the liquid state
Still Apparatus for distillation
Created by: andrewweng0406