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Chapter 3.1 Science

element a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances
compound when two or more elements combine chemically, they form a compound
carbohydrate an energy-rich organic compound made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
lipid energy-rich organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
protein large organic molecules made of the elements carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in some cases, sulfur
amino acid proteins are made up of smaller molecules called amino acids
enzyme a type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing
nucleic acid very large long organic molecules made of carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus
DNA the genetic material that carries information about an organism and is passed from parent to offspring
RNA RNA is found in the cytoplasm as well as in the nucleus
Created by: Austin H.